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= Guida per l'Utente di WeeChat
:author: Sébastien Helleu
:email: flashcode@flashtux.org
:lang: it
:toc: left
:toclevels: 4
:toc-title: Indice
:sectnums:
:sectnumlevels: 3
:docinfo1:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Translators:
* Marco Paolone <marcopaolone@gmail.com>, 2009-2012
Questo manuale documenta il client di chat WeeChat, ed è parte
del programma stesso.
È possibile trovare l'ultima versione di questo documento qui:
https://weechat.org/doc
[[introduction]]
== Introduzione
WeeChat (Wee Enhanced Environment for Chat) è un client di chat
libero, veloce e leggero, realizzato per diversi sistemi operativi.
[[features]]
=== Caratteristiche
Le principali caratteristiche:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* multi-protocollo (mainly IRC)
* connessione a server multipli (con SSL, IPv6, proxy)
* piccolo, veloce e leggero
* personalizzabile ed estensibile con plugin e script
* conforme alle RFC di IRC
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1459[1459],
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2810[2810],
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2811[2811],
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2812[2812] e
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2813[2813]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* IRC proxy and relay for remote interfaces
* multi-piattaforma (GNU/Linux, *BSD, macOS, Windows ed altre)
* 100% GPL, software libero
La home page di WeeChat si trova qui: https://weechat.org/
[[prerequisites]]
=== Requisiti
Per poter installare WeeChat, è necessario:
* un sistema GNU/Linux in esecuzione (con gli strumenti di
compilazione per i sorgenti), oppure OS compatibile
* privilegi di _root_ (per installare WeeChat in una directory di
sistema)
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* some libraries (see <<dependencies,dependencies>>).
[[install]]
== Installazione
[[binary_packages]]
=== Pacchetti binari
I pacchetti binari sono disponibili per molte distribuzioni, incluse:
* Arch Linux: `pacman -S weechat`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Cygwin (Windows): select WeeChat packages in setup.exe
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Debian/Ubuntu (o qualunque distribuzione compatibile):
`apt-get install weechat-curses weechat-plugins` +
For latest versions and nightly builds: https://weechat.org/download/debian
* Fedora Core: `dnf install weechat`
* Gentoo: `emerge weechat`
* Mandriva/RedHat (o qualunque distribuzione compatibile con RPM):
`rpm -i /path/per/weechat-x.y.z-1.i386.rpm`
* openSUSE: `zypper in weechat`
* Sourcemage: `cast weechat`
Potrebbero risultare utili alcuni pacchetti addizionali, come
weechat-plugins.
Per altre distribuzioni, consultare il manuale per le istruzioni di
installazione.
[[source_package]]
=== Sorgenti
WeeChat può essere compilato con CMake oppure autotools
(tuttavia si raccomanda CMake).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
On macOS, you can use https://brew.sh/[Homebrew]:
`brew install weechat` (for help: `brew info weechat`).
[[dependencies]]
==== Dipendenze
// TRANSLATION MISSING
The following table shows the list of packages that are *required* to compile
WeeChat:
[width="100%",cols="5,^3,.^15",options="header"]
|===
| Pacchetto ^(1)^ | Versione | Caratteristica
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| C compiler
(gcc, clang, ...) | | Build.
| cmake | ≥ 3.0 | Compilazione (ancora possibile con autotools, ma si raccomanda CMake).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| pkg-config | | Detect installed libraries.
| libncursesw5-dev ^(2)^ | | Interfaccia ncurses.
| libcurl4-gnutls-dev | | Trasferimento URL.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| zlib1g-dev | | Compression of packets in relay plugin (weechat protocol), script plugin.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| libgcrypt20-dev | | Secured data, IRC SASL authentication.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| libgnutls28-dev | ≥ 2.2.0 ^(3)^ | Connessione SSL al server IRC, support of SSL in relay plugin, IRC SASL authentication (ECDSA-NIST256P-CHALLENGE).
|===
[NOTE]
^(1)^ Il nome viene dalla distribuzione Debian GNU/Linux, nomi e versioni dei pacchetti
potrebbero essere differenti in versioni e distribuzioni differenti. +
// TRANSLATION MISSING
^(2)^ It is recommended to compile with libncurses**w**5-dev (the *w* is
important). WeeChat can compile with libncurses5-dev, but it is *NOT* recommended:
you may experience display bugs with wide chars. +
// TRANSLATION MISSING
^(3)^ GnuTLS ≥ 3.0.21 is required for IRC SASL authentication with mechanism
ECDSA-NIST256P-CHALLENGE.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
The following table shows the list of packages that are optional to compile
WeeChat:
[width="100%",cols="5,^3,.^15",options="header"]
|===
| Pacchetto | Versione | Caratteristica
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| C++ compiler | | Build and run tests, plugin JavaScript.
| gettext | | Internazionalizzazione (traduzione dei messaggi; la lingua base è l'inglese).
| ca-certificates | | Certificati per le connessioni SSL.
| libaspell-dev
∥ libenchant-dev | | Plugin spell.
| python3-dev ^(1)^ | | Plugin python.
| libperl-dev | | Plugin perl.
| ruby2.5, ruby2.5-dev | ≥ 1.9.1 | Plugin ruby.
| liblua5.3-dev | | Plugin lua.
| tcl-dev | ≥ 8.5 | Plugin tcl.
| guile-2.0-dev | ≥ 2.0 | Plugin guile (scheme).
| libv8-dev | ≤ 3.24.3 | Plugin javascript.
| php-dev, libphp-embed | ≥ 7.0 | Plugin php.
| libxml2-dev | | Plugin php.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| libargon2-0-dev | | Plugin php (if PHP ≥ 7.2).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| libsodium-dev | | Plugin php (if PHP ≥ 7.2).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| asciidoctor | ≥ 1.5.4 | Build man page and documentation.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| libcpputest-dev | ≥ 3.4 | Build and run tests.
|===
[NOTE]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
^(1)^ By default Python 3.x is used. If you enable option `+ENABLE_PYTHON2+` (see
below), only the version 2.7 of Python is recommended.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
If you are using a Debian/Ubuntu based distribution, and if you have some
"deb-src" source entries in your file _/etc/apt/sources.list_, you can install
all dependencies with the command:
----
# apt-get build-dep weechat
----
[[compile_with_cmake]]
==== Compilazione con CMake
* Installazione nelle directory di sistema (richiede privilegi di _root_):
----
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ cmake ..
$ make
$ sudo make install
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Installazione in una directory personalizzata (for example your home):
----
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ cmake .. -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/path/della/directory
$ make
$ make install
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options can be used for CMake, with format: `-DOPTION=VALUE`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
List of commonly used options:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,3,3m,10",options="header"]
|===
| Option | Values | Default value | Description
| CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE | `Debug`, `Release`, `RelWithDebInfo`, `MinSizeRel` | |
The type of build: `Debug` (or `RelWithDebInfo`) is recommended if you are
running development version of WeeChat.
| CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX | directory | /usr/local |
The directory where WeeChat will be installed.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| WEECHAT_HOME | directory | (empty string) |
The default home directory when running WeeChat. +
With an empty value (recommended), XDG directories are used by default.
If non empty, a single directory for all files is used.
The value can also be 4 directories separated by colons, in this order:
config, data, cache, runtime.
| ENABLE_ALIAS | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<alias_plugin,Alias plugin>>.
| ENABLE_BUFLIST | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<buflist_plugin,Buflist plugin>>.
| ENABLE_CHARSET | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<charset_plugin,Charset plugin>>.
| ENABLE_MAN | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Build man page.
| ENABLE_DOC | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Build HTML documentation.
| ENABLE_ENCHANT | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Compile <<spell_plugin,Spell plugin>> with Enchant.
| ENABLE_EXEC | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<exec_plugin,Exec plugin>>.
| ENABLE_FIFO | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<fifo_plugin,Fifo plugin>>.
| ENABLE_FSET | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<fset_plugin,Fset plugin>>.
| ENABLE_GUILE | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Guile plugin>> (Scheme).
| ENABLE_IRC | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<irc_plugin,IRC plugin>>.
| ENABLE_JAVASCRIPT | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,JavaScript plugin>>.
| ENABLE_LARGEFILE | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Support of large files.
| ENABLE_LOGGER | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<logger_plugin,Logger plugin>>.
| ENABLE_LUA | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Lua plugin>>.
| ENABLE_NCURSES | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile Ncurses interface.
| ENABLE_NLS | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Enable NLS (translations).
| ENABLE_PERL | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Perl plugin>>.
| ENABLE_PHP | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,PHP plugin>>.
| ENABLE_PYTHON | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Python plugin>>.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ENABLE_PYTHON2 | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Python plugin>> using Python 2 instead of Python 3.
| ENABLE_RELAY | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<relay_plugin,Relay plugin>>.
| ENABLE_RUBY | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Ruby plugin>>.
| ENABLE_SCRIPT | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Script plugin>>.
| ENABLE_SCRIPTS | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,script plugins>> (Python, Perl, Ruby, Lua, Tcl,
Guile, JavaScript, PHP).
| ENABLE_SPELL | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<spell_plugin,Spell plugin>>.
| ENABLE_TCL | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<scripts_plugins,Tcl plugin>>.
| ENABLE_TRIGGER | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<trigger_plugin,Trigger plugin>>.
| ENABLE_TYPING | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<typing_plugin,Typing plugin>>.
| ENABLE_XFER | `ON`, `OFF` | ON |
Compile <<xfer_plugin,Xfer plugin>>.
| ENABLE_TESTS | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Compile tests.
| ENABLE_CODE_COVERAGE | `ON`, `OFF` | OFF |
Compile with code coverage options. +
This option should be used only for tests, to measure test coverage.
|===
The other options can be displayed with this command:
----
$ cmake -LA
----
Or with Curses interface:
----
$ ccmake ..
----
[[compile_with_autotools]]
==== Compilazione con autotools
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[WARNING]
Only CMake is officially supported to build WeeChat. You should use autotools
only if you are not able to use CMake. +
Build with autotools requires more dependencies and is slower than with CMake.
* Installazione nelle directory di sistema (richiede privilegi di _root_):
----
$ ./autogen.sh
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ ../configure
$ make
$ sudo make install
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Installazione in una directory personalizzata (for example your home):
----
$ ./autogen.sh
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ ../configure --prefix=/path/to/directory
$ make
$ make install
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options can be used for _configure_ script, they can be displayed with this
command:
----
$ ./configure --help
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[run_tests]]
==== Run tests
Following packages are *required* to compile tests:
* libcpputest-dev
* C++ compiler
Tests must be enabled when compiling WeeChat (with CMake):
----
$ cmake .. -DENABLE_TESTS=ON
----
They can be launched after compilation from the build directory (with CMake):
----
$ ctest -V
----
[[git_sources]]
=== Sorgenti git
Attenzione: i sorgenti git sono per gli utenti avanzati: potrebbero non
compilare o essere instabili. Siete avvisati!
Per ottenere i sorgenti git, dare il comando:
----
$ git clone https://github.com/weechat/weechat.git
----
Poi seguire le istruzioni per i sorgenti (consultare
<<source_package,sorgenti>>).
[[report_crashes]]
=== Segnalare gli errori
Nel caso in cui si verifichino errori, o si desideri segnalare qualsiasi errore
futuro di WeeChat, è necessario:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* compile with:
** informazioni di debug (o installare il pacchetto binario con le informazioni di debug)
// TRANSLATION MISSING
** address sanitizer (optional)
* abilitare i file _core_ sul proprio sistema
* installare gdb
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[build_debug]]
==== Build with debug options
Se si compila con CMake:
----
$ cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[build_debug_address_sanitizer]]
==== Build with debug options and address sanitizer
// TRANSLATION MISSING
You can additionally enable the address sanitizer, which causes WeeChat to
crash immediately in case of problem:
----
$ cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS=-fsanitize=address -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS=-fsanitize=address -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS=-fsanitize=address
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[WARNING]
You should enable address sanitizer only if you're trying to cause a crash,
this is not recommended in production.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Then once compiled and installed, you must run WeeChat like this:
----
$ ASAN_OPTIONS="detect_odr_violation=0 log_path=asan.log" weechat
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
In case of crash, the backtrace is in file `asan.log`.
[[core_files]]
==== File core
// TRANSLATION MISSING
To enable _core_ files, you can use option
<<option_weechat.startup.sys_rlimit,weechat.startup.sys_rlimit>>:
----
/set weechat.startup.sys_rlimit "core:-1"
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
For WeeChat ≤ 0.3.8 or if you want to enable core files even before WeeChat
starts, you can use `ulimit` command.
Ad esempio su Linux con la shell _bash_, aggiungere questa riga al proprio
`~/.bashrc`:
----
ulimit -c unlimited
----
Oppure impostare una dimensione massima:
----
ulimit -c 200000
----
[[gdb_backtrace]]
==== Ottenere un backtrace con gdb
// TRANSLATION MISSING
When WeeChat crashes, your system will create a file _core_ or _core.12345_
(_12345_ is process id) if the <<core_files,option is enabled>>.
Questo file viene creato nella directory in cui è in esecuzione WeeChat (e
*non* la directory dove WeeChat è installato!).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
On some systems like Archlinux, core dumps could be in another directory like
_/var/lib/systemd/coredump_ and you must use the command `coredumpctl` to read it. +
For more information, see this wiki page: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Core_dump
Ad esempio, se _weechat_ è installato in _/usr/bin/_ ed il file _core_
si trova in _/home/user/_, allora eseguire gdb con questo comando:
----
gdb /usr/bin/weechat /home/user/core
----
All'interno di gdb, usare il comando `bt full` per visualizzare
il backtrace. Verrà mostrato qualcosa di simile a questo:
----
(gdb) set logging file /tmp/crash.txt
(gdb) set logging on
Copying output to /tmp/crash.txt.
(gdb) bt full
#0 0x00007f9dfb04a465 in raise () from /lib/libc.so.6
#1 0x00007f9dfb04b8e6 in abort () from /lib/libc.so.6
#2 0x0000000000437f66 in weechat_shutdown (return_code=1, crash=1)
at /some_path/src/core/weechat.c:351
#3 <signal handler called>
#4 0x000000000044cb24 in hook_process_timer_cb (arg_hook_process=0x254eb90,
remaining_calls=<value optimized out>) at /some_path/src/core/wee-hook.c:1364
hook_process = 0x254eb90
status = <value optimized out>
#5 0x000000000044cc7d in hook_timer_exec ()
at /some_path/src/core/wee-hook.c:1025
tv_time = {tv_sec = 1272693881, tv_usec = 212665}
ptr_hook = 0x2811f40
next_hook = 0x0
#6 0x000000000041b5b0 in gui_main_loop ()
at /some_path/src/gui/curses/gui-curses-main.c:319
hook_fd_keyboard = 0x173b600
tv_timeout = {tv_sec = 0, tv_usec = 0}
read_fds = {fds_bits = {0 <repeats 16 times>}}
write_fds = {fds_bits = {0 <repeats 16 times>}}
except_fds = {fds_bits = {0 <repeats 16 times>}}
max_fd = <value optimized out>
----
Bisogna riportare l'errore agli sviluppatori, e specificare quale azione ha causato
l'errore.
Grazie per il vostro aiuto!
[[debug_running_weechat]]
==== Debug di WeeChat durante l'esecuzione
Per eseguire il debug di un'istanza di WeeChat in esecuzione (ad esempio se
WeeChat sembra sia bloccato), è possibile usare gdb con l'id del processo
(sostituire _12345_ con il PID del processo weechat):
----
gdb /usr/bin/weechat 12345
----
Poi, come per un crash, usare il comando `bt full`:
----
(gdb) bt full
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[upgrade]]
=== Upgrade
If a new stable version of WeeChat is released, this is time for you to
switch to this version.
First of all, you must install the new version of WeeChat, either with your
package manager or by compiling yourself, so that the `weechat` binary and all
required files are in the same paths. +
This can be done while WeeChat is running.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[upgrade_command]]
==== Upgrade command
WeeChat can restart the new binary, in place, using the
<<command_weechat_upgrade,/upgrade>> command: the buffer contents and non-SSL
connections are preserved. +
The SSL connections are lost during upgrade and you are automatically
reconnected after the upgrade (reload of SSL sessions is currently not possible
with GnuTLS).
The command can also be used if you have to restart the machine, for example
to upgrade the kernel or to move your WeeChat to another machine:
----
/upgrade -quit
----
This saves the current state in `*.upgrade` files. You can then either reboot
or move the whole WeeChat directories (config, data, cache) to another machine,
and restart WeeChat later with this command:
----
$ weechat --upgrade
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[restart_after_upgrade]]
==== Restart after upgrade
[[restart_release_notes]]
===== Release notes
After an upgrade, it is *strongly recommended* to read the
https://weechat.org/files/releasenotes/ReleaseNotes-devel.html[release notes]
which contain important information about breaking changes and some
manual actions that could be required.
You must read the release notes of all versions between your old (excluded) and
your new version (included). +
For example if you switch from version 3.0 to 3.2, you must read release notes
of versions 3.1 and 3.2.
[[restart_configuration_upgrade]]
===== Configuration upgrade
WeeChat has an automatic upgrade of configuration files (`*.conf`):
* new options are silently added with default value
* obsolete options are automatically discarded and WeeChat displays a warning
with the value read from file.
Example of warning when an option has been removed:
----
=!= Attenzione: /home/user/.config/weechat/sec.conf, riga 15: opzione sconosciuta per la sezione "crypt": passphrase_file = ""
----
That means the option `sec.crypt.passphrase_file` has been removed, and you
had value set to empty string, which was the default value in the previous version
(in this case no manual action is required).
[[usage]]
== Utilizzo
[[running_weechat]]
=== Esecuzione di WeeChat
Per avviare WeeChat, digitare questo comando:
----
$ weechat
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
When you run WeeChat for the first time, the default configuration files are
created in _~/.config/weechat_ with default options and values
(see <<files_and_directories,Files and directories>>).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[command_line_options]]
==== Command line options
include::includes/cmdline_options.it.adoc[tag=standard]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[extra_debug_options]]
==== Extra debug options
[WARNING]
These options are for debug purposes only, *DO NOT USE IN PRODUCTION!*
include::includes/cmdline_options.it.adoc[tag=debug]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[environment_variables]]
=== Environment variables
Some environment variables are used by WeeChat if they are defined:
[width="100%",cols="1m,6",options="header"]
|===
| Name | Description
| WEECHAT_HOME | The WeeChat home (with configuration files, logs, scripts, ...). Same behavior as <<compile_with_cmake,CMake option>> `WEECHAT_HOME`.
| WEECHAT_PASSPHRASE | The passphrase used to decrypt secured data.
| WEECHAT_EXTRA_LIBDIR | An extra directory to load plugins (from the "plugins" directory in this path).
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[files_and_directories]]
=== Files and directories
[[xdg_directories]]
==== XDG directories
WeeChat uses XDG directories by default
(according to the https://specifications.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/basedir-spec-latest.html[XDG Base Directory Specification]). +
A single home directory for all files can be forced by CMake option `WEECHAT_HOME`,
the environment variable `WEECHAT_HOME` or the command-line option `-d` / `--dir`.
When a single WeeChat home directory is not forced, XDG directories are used
and set like this:
[width="100%",cols="1,2m,5",options="header"]
|===
| Directory | Default value | Fallback value
| config | $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/weechat | `$HOME/.config/weechat` if `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME` is not defined or empty.
| data | $XDG_DATA_HOME/weechat | `$HOME/.local/share/weechat` if `$XDG_DATA_HOME` is not defined or empty.
| cache | $XDG_CACHE_HOME/weechat | `$HOME/.cache/weechat` if `$XDG_CACHE_HOME` is not defined or empty.
| runtime | $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/weechat | Same as _cache_ directory if `$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR` is not defined or empty.
|===
The configuration files are created with default values the first time you run WeeChat.
[[weechat_directories]]
==== WeeChat directories
The WeeChat directories are:
[width="100%",cols="1m,3",options="header"]
|===
| Path ^(1)^ | Description
| ~/.config/weechat/ | WeeChat configuration files: `*.conf`, certificates, etc.
| ~/.local/share/weechat/ | WeeChat data files: logs, scripts, scripts data, xfer files, etc.
|    logs/ | Log files (one file per buffer).
|    python/ | Python scripts.
|       autoload/ | Python scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    perl/ | Perl scripts.
|       autoload/ | Perl scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    ruby/ | Ruby scripts.
|       autoload/ | Ruby scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    lua/ | Lua scripts.
|       autoload/ | Lua scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    tcl/ | Tcl scripts.
|       autoload/ | Tcl scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    guile/ | Guile scripts.
|       autoload/ | Guile scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    javascript/ | JavaScript scripts.
|       autoload/ | JavaScript scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
|    php/ | PHP scripts.
|       autoload/ | PHP scripts auto-loaded on startup ^(2)^.
| ~/.cache/weechat/ | WeeChat cache files: scripts cache.
| /run/user/1000/weechat/ | WeeChat runtime files: FIFO pipe, Relay UNIX sockets.
|===
[NOTE]
^(1)^ XDG directories may be different according to your environment variables `XDG_*`. +
^(2)^ This directory often contains only symbolic links to scripts in parent directory.
[[weechat_files]]
==== WeeChat files
The files in the WeeChat home directory are:
[width="100%",cols="1m,3,6",options="header"]
|===
| File | Description | Sensitive data
| weechat.conf | Main WeeChat configuration file | Possible (example: list of channels in a saved buffers layout).
| sec.conf | Configuration file with secured data | *Yes, highly sensitive*: this file must never be shared with anyone.
| plugins.conf | Plugins configuration file | Possible, depends on plugins/scripts.
| alias.conf | Configuration file for _alias_ plugin | Possible, depends on aliases.
| buflist.conf | Configuration file for _buflist_ plugin | No.
| charset.conf | Configuration file for _charset_ plugin | No.
| exec.conf | Configuration file for _exec_ plugin | No.
| fifo.conf | Configuration file for _fifo_ plugin | No.
| fset.conf | Configuration file for _fset_ plugin | No.
| guile.conf | Configuration file for _guile_ plugin | No.
| irc.conf | Configuration file for _irc_ plugin | *Yes*: it can contain passwords for servers, nickserv and channels (if not stored in `sec.conf`).
| javascript.conf | Configuration file for _javascript_ plugin | No.
| logger.conf | Configuration file for _logger_ plugin | No.
| lua.conf | Configuration file for _lua_ plugin | No.
| perl.conf | Configuration file for _perl_ plugin | No.
| php.conf | Configuration file for _php_ plugin | No.
| python.conf | Configuration file for _python_ plugin | No.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| relay.conf | Configuration file for _relay_ plugin | *Yes*: it can contain relay password and TOTP secret (if not stored in `sec.conf`), allowed IP addresses/websocket origins and opened ports.
| ruby.conf | Configuration file for _ruby_ plugin | No.
| script.conf | Configuration file for _script_ plugin | No.
| spell.conf | Configuration file for _spell_ plugin | No.
| tcl.conf | Configuration file for _tcl_ plugin | No.
| trigger.conf | Configuration file for _trigger_ plugin | Possible, depends on triggers.
| typing.conf | Configuration file for _typing_ plugin | No.
| xfer.conf | Configuration file for _xfer_ plugin | No.
| weechat.log | WeeChat log file | No.
|===
[IMPORTANT]
It is *not recommended* to edit configuration files by hand because WeeChat
may write them at any time (for example on <<command_weechat_quit,/quit>>)
and after any change you must run the command <<command_weechat_reload,/reload>>
(with the risk of losing other changes that were not yet saved with
<<command_weechat_save,/save>>). +
You can use the command <<command_weechat_set,/set>>, which checks the value
and applies immediately the changes.
[[screen_layout]]
=== Layout dello schermo
Esempio di terminale con WeeChat:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
....
▼ bar "buflist" ▼ bar "title"
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│1.libera │Welcome to #test, this is a test channel │
│ weechat│12:52:27 --> | Flashy (flashcode@weechat.org) has joined #test │@Flashy│
│2. #test│12:52:27 -- | Nicks #test: [@Flashy @joe +weebot peter] │@joe │
│3. #abc │12:52:27 -- | Channel #test: 4 nicks (2 ops, 1 voice, 1 normal) │+weebot│
│4. #def │12:52:27 -- | Channel created on Tue Jan 27 06:30:17 2009 │peter │
│5. #ghi │12:54:15 peter | hey! │ │
│ │12:55:01 @joe | hello │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 2:#test(+n){4}* [H: 3:#abc(2,5), 5] │
│ │[@Flashy(i)] hi peter!█ │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
▲ bars "status" and "input" bar "nicklist" ▲
....
// TRANSLATION MISSING
By default, the screen is divided up into the following areas:
* area di chat (centro dello schermo) con le righe di chat, e per ogni riga:
** ora
** prefisso (prima di "|")
** messaggio (dopo di "|")
* barre che circondano l'area di chat, quelle predefinite sono:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
** barra _buflist_, on the left
** barra _titolo_, in alto rispetto all'area di chat
** barra _stato_, in basso rispetto all'area di chat
** barra _input_, in basso rispetto alla barra di stato
** barra _nicklist_, sulla destra
La barra _buflist_ ha i seguenti elementi predefiniti:
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Elemento | Esempio | Descrizione
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buflist | `1.weechat` | List of buffers.
|===
La barra _title_ ha i seguenti elementi predefiniti:
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Elemento | Esempio | Descrizione
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buffer_title | `Welcome to #test` | Buffer title.
|===
La barra _status_ ha i seguenti elementi predefiniti:
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Elemento | Esempio | Descrizione
| time | `[12:55]` | Ora.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buffer_last_number | `[5]` | Number of last buffer in list.
| buffer_plugin | `[irc/libera]` | Plugin del buffer attivo (il plugin irc può aggiungere il nome del server irc usato dal buffer).
| buffer_number | `2` | Numero del buffer corrente.
| buffer_name | `#test` | Nome del buffer attivo.
| buffer_modes | `+n` | Modalità canale IRC.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buffer_nicklist_count | `{4}` | Number of nicks displayed in nicklist.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buffer_zoom | ! | `!` means the merged buffer is zoomed (only this one is displayed), empty value means all merged buffers are displayed.
| buffer_filter | `+*+` | Indicatore filtraggio: `+*+` significa che alcune righe sono filtrate (nascoste), valori vuoti indicano che tutte le righe sono visualizzate.
| scroll | `-ANCORA(50)-` | Indicatore di scorrimento, con il numero di righe sotto l'ultima riga visualizzata.
| lag | `[Ritardo: 2.5]` | Indicatore ritardo, in secondi (nascosto se il ritardo è basso).
| hotlist | `[H: 3:#abc(2,5), 5]` | Elenco dei buffer con attività (messaggi non letti) (nell'esempio, 2 notifiche e 5 messaggi non letti su #abc, un messaggio non letto sul buffer #5).
| completion | `abc(2) def(5)` | Elenco di parole per il completamento, con il numero di completamenti possibili per ogni parola.
|===
La barra _input_ ha i seguenti elementi predefiniti:
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Elemento | Esempio | Descrizione
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| input_prompt | `[@Flashy(i)]` | Prompt per l'input, for irc: nick and modes (mode "+i" means invisible on libera).
| away | `(assente)` | Indicatore di assenza.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| input_search | `[Search (~ str,msg)]` | Search indicator ("`~`": case insensitive, "`==`": case sensitive, "`str`": search string, "`regex`": search regular expression, "`msg`": search in messages, "`pre`": search in prefixes, "`pre\|msg`": search in prefixes and messages).
| input_paste | `[Incollare 7 righe ? [ctrl-Y] Sì [ctrl-N] No]` | Chiede all'utente se incollare le righe.
| input_text | `ciao peter!` | Testo in input.
|===
La barra _nicklist_ ha i seguenti elementi predefiniti:
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Elemento | Esempio | Descrizione
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buffer_nicklist | `@Flashy` | List of nicks on current buffer.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Other items available (not used in bars by default):
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="^3,^3,9",options="header"]
|===
| Item | Example | Description
| buffer_count | `10` | Total number of buffers opened.
| buffer_last_number | `10` | Number of the latest buffer (can be different from `buffer_count` if option <<option_weechat.look.buffer_auto_renumber,weechat.look.buffer_auto_renumber>> is `off`).
| buffer_nicklist_count_all | `4` | Number of visible groups and nicks in nicklist.
| buffer_nicklist_count_groups | `0` | Number of visible groups in nicklist.
| buffer_short_name | `#test` | Current buffer short name.
| buflist2 | `1.weechat` | List of buffers, second bar item (see option <<option_buflist.look.use_items,buflist.look.use_items>>).
| buflist3 | `1.weechat` | List of buffers, third bar item (see option <<option_buflist.look.use_items,buflist.look.use_items>>).
| fset | `+buflist.look.sort: …+` | Help on currently selected option on fset buffer.
| irc_channel | `#test` | Current IRC channel name.
| irc_host | `+user@host.com+` | Current IRC host.
| irc_nick | `+Flashy+` | Current IRC nick.
| irc_nick_host | `+Flashy!user@host.com+` | Current IRC nick and host.
| irc_nick_modes | `i` | IRC modes for self nick.
| irc_nick_prefix | `@` | IRC nick prefix on channel.
| mouse_status | `M` | Mouse status (empty if mouse is disabled).
| spell_dict | `fr,en` | Spelling dictionaries used on current buffer.
| spell_suggest | `print,prone,prune` | Spelling suggestions for word under cursor (if misspelled).
| tls_version | `TLS1.3` | TLS version in use for current IRC server.
| window_number | `2` | Current window number.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Each aspect of the layout can be customized with the appropriate <<command_line,command>>:
<<command_weechat_bar,`/bar`>> to customize the bars,
<<command_weechat_buffer,/buffer>> and <<command_weechat_window,`/window`>>
to customize <<buffers_and_windows,buffers and windows>>,
and <<command_weechat_layot,/layout>> to name, save and restore the screen layout
and the association between windows and buffers.
[[command_line]]
=== Riga di comando
La riga di comando di WeeChat (nella parte inferiore della finestra) consente di
inserire i comandi o di inviare del testo sul buffer.
[[command_line_syntax]]
==== Sintassi
I comandi iniziano con il carattere "/", seguito dal nome del comando. Ad esempio,
per consultare un elenco di opzioni:
----
/set
----
Il testo inviato ad un buffer è qualsiasi testo che non comincia con
il carattere "/". Per esempio, per inviare il testo _ciao_ sul buffer
attivo:
----
ciao
----
Ad ogni modo, è possibile iniziare con il carattere "/", aggiungendone
poi un altro. Ad esempio, per inviare il testo `/set` sul buffer attivo:
----
//set
----
[[command_line_colors]]
==== Codici colore
Per alcuni plugin come IRC, è possibile usare codici colori ed attributi,
come segue (digitare kbd:[Ctrl+c] poi la lettera che segue, con il valore
opzionale):
[width="100%",cols="1,2",options="header"]
|===
// TRANSLATIION MISSING
| Key | Description
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[b] | testo in grassetto.
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[c],
kbd:[xx] | colore del testo `xx` (consultare la lista di colori che segue).
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[c],
kbd:[xx], kbd:[,],
kbd:[yy] | colore del testo `xx` e di sfondo `yy` (consultare la lista di colori che segue).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[i] | italic text.
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[o] | disabilita colori ed attributi.
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[v] | video inverso (inverte il colore del testo con quello di sfondo).
| kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[_] | testo sottolineato.
|===
[NOTE]
Lo stesso codice (senza numero per kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[c]) può essere usato per
terminare l'attributo.
I codici colore per kbd:[Ctrl+c], kbd:[c] sono:
include::includes/autogen_user_irc_colors.it.adoc[tag=irc_colors]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
To show all available colors in your terminal, you can do `/color` then
kbd:[Alt+c] in WeeChat or run this command in terminal: `weechat --colors`.
Esempio: visualizza "ciao Alice!" con "ciao" scritto in blu chiaro grassetto
e "Alice" in rosso chiaro sottolineato:
----
^Cc12^Cbciao ^Cb^Cc04^C_Alice^C_^Cc !
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Keys:
kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[c] kbd:[1] kbd:[2] kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[b] +
kbd:[c] kbd:[i] kbd:[a] kbd:[o] kbd:[Space] +
kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[b] kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[c] kbd:[0] kbd:[4] kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[pass:[_]] +
kbd:[A] kbd:[l] kbd:[i] kbd:[c] kbd:[e] +
kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[pass:[_]] kbd:[Ctrl+c] kbd:[c] +
kbd:[!]
[NOTE]
Nel plugin irc, si possono riorganizzare i colori usando l'opzione
<<option_irc.color.mirc_remap,irc.color.mirc_remap>>.
[[colors]]
=== Colori
WeeChat può usare fino a 32767 coppie di colore per visualizzare il testo nelle barre e
nell'area di chat(il terminale deve supportare 256 colori per essere utilizzati in WeeChat).
In base al valore della variabile di ambiente _TERM_, potrebbero verificarsi i
seguenti limiti per i colori in WeeChat:
[width="75%",cols="8,>3,>3",options="header"]
|===
| $TERM | Colori | Coppie
| "rxvt-unicode", "xterm", ... | 88 | 32767
| "rxvt-256color", "xterm-256color", ... | 256 | 32767
| "screen" | 8 | 64
| "screen-256color" | 256 | 32767
| "tmux" | 8 | 64
| "tmux-256color" | 256 | 32767
|===
È possibile eseguire `weechat --colors` o utilizzare il comando `/color` in
WeeChat per visualizzare i limiti del proprio ambiente.
Alcuni valori raccomandati per _TERM_ se si desiderano 256 colori:
* con screen: _screen-256color_
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* under tmux: _screen-256color_ or _tmux-256color_
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* outside screen/tmux: _xterm-256color_, _rxvt-256color_, _putty-256color_, ...
[NOTE]
Potrebbe essere necessario installare il pacchetto "ncurses-term" per usare
questi valori nella variabile _TERM_.
Se si sta utilizzando screen, è possibile aggiungere questa riga al
proprio _~/.screenrc_:
----
term screen-256color
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
If your _TERM_ variable has wrong value and that WeeChat is already running,
you can change it with these two commands:
----
/set env TERM screen-256color
/upgrade
----
[[colors_basic]]
==== Colori base
I colori base in WeeChat sono:
[width="75%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Nome | Colore
| default | Colore predefinito del terminale (trasparente per lo sfondo)
| black | Nero
| darkgray | Grigio scuro
| red | Rosso scuro
| lightred | Rosso chiaro
| green | Verde scuro
| lightgreen | Verde chiaro
| brown | Marrone
| yellow | Giallo
| blue | Blu scuro
| lightblue | Blu chiaro
| magenta | Rosa scuro
| lightmagenta | Rosa chiaro
| cyan | Azzurro scuro
| lightcyan | Azzurro chiaro
| gray | Grigio
| white | Bianco
|===
[[colors_extended]]
==== Colori estesi
WeeChat alloca dinamicamente le coppie colore quando vengono usati i colori
sullo schermo (per mostrare buffer e barre).
In aggiunta ai colori di base, si può usare un numero per il colore compreso
tra 1 e il limite del proprio terminale.
Il comando `/color` mostra i colori attivi ed i limiti. Com kbd:[Alt+c] si può
passare temporaneamente ai colori del terminale per sceglierne uno.
Se ad esempio si desidera visualizzare l'ora in arancione nel buffer:
----
/set weechat.color.chat_time 214
----
O se si desidera uno sfondo verde scuro per la barra di stato:
----
/set weechat.bar.status.color_bg 22
----
[[colors_aliases]]
==== Alias
Si possono aggiungere degli alias ai colori con il comando `/color alias` e
usarli in ogni opzione relativa al colore.
Ad esempio:
----
/color alias 214 orange
/set weechat.color.chat_delimiters orange
----
[[colors_attributes]]
==== Attributi
Esistono alcuni attributi per i colori. Uno o più attributi vanno aggiunti prima
del nome o del numero del colore:
* `+*+` : testo in grassetto
* `+!+` : video inverso
* `+/+` : testo in corsivo
* `+_+` : testo sottolineato
* `+|+` : mantiene attributi: non ripristina grassetto/inverso/sottolineato
al cambio di colore
Ad esempio se si vuole il proprio nick bianco e sottolineato:
----
/set weechat.color.chat_nick_self _white
----
O se si desidera l'ora nella barra di stato arancione sottolineata
e in grassetto:
----
/set weechat.color.status_time *_214
----
Per usare un attributo con il colore predefinito del terminale (-1), bisogna
usare un numero maggiore dell'ultimo colore del terminale, ad esempio il
numero massimo in WeeChat: 99999.
Esempio di grassetto con il colore di primo piano del terminale:
----
/set weechat.color.status_time *99999
----
[[buffers_and_windows]]
=== Buffer e finestre
Un _buffer_ è composto da un numero, un nome, delle righe visualizzate (e
altri dati).
Esempi di buffer:
* buffer core (creato by WeeChat all'avvio, non può essere chiuso)
* server irc (mostra i messaggi dal server)
* canale irc
* query irc
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Una _finestra_ (o window) è un'area dello schermo in cui viene visualizzato
un buffer. È possibile dividere lo schermo in più finestre (examples
<<window_split_examples,below>>, see the <<command_weechat_window,/window command>>
for details).
Ogni finestra visualizza un buffer. Un buffer può essere nascosto (non visualizzato
da una finestra) o visualizzato da una o più finestre.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Screen layouts and the association between windows and buffers can be
<<command_weechat_layout,saved and restored>>.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[window_split_examples]]
==== Examples
Esempio di split orizzontale (`/window splith`):
// TRANSLATION MISSING
....
▼ window #2 (buffer #4)
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│1.libera │Welcome to #def │
│ weechat│12:55:12 Max | hi │@Flashy│
│2. #test│12:55:20 @Flashy | hi Max! │Max │
│3. #abc │ │ │
│4. #def │ │ │
│5. #ghi │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 4:#def(+n){2} │
│ │[@Flashy] │
│ │────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────│
│ │Welcome to #abc │
│ │12:54:15 peter | hey! │@Flashy│
│ │12:55:01 @joe | hello │@joe │
│ │ │+weebot│
│ │ │peter │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 3:#abc(+n){4} │
│ │[@Flashy] hi peter!█ │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
▲ window #1 (buffer #3)
....
Esempio di split verticale (`/window splitv`):
// TRANSLATION MISSING
....
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│1.libera │Welcome to #abc │Welcome to #def │
│ weechat│12:54:15 peter | hey! │@Flashy│12:55:12 Max | hi │@Flashy│
│2. #test│12:55:01 @joe | hello │@joe │12:55:20 @Flashy | hi Max! │Max │
│3. #abc │ │+weebot│ │ │
│4. #def │ │peter │ │ │
│5. #ghi │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 3:#abc(+n) │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 4:#def(+n) │
│ │[@Flashy] hi peter!█ │[@Flashy] │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
▲ window #1 (buffer #3) ▲ window #2 (buffer #4)
....
Esempio di split orizzontale + verticale:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
....
▼ window #3 (buffer #5)
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│1.libera │Welcome to #abc │Welcome to #ghi │
│ weechat│12:54:15 peter | hey! │@Flashy│12:55:42 @Flashy | hi │@Flashy│
│2. #test│12:55:01 @joe | hello │@joe │12:55:56 alex | hi Flashy │alex │
│3. #abc │ │+weebot│ │ │
│4. #def │ │peter │ │ │
│5. #ghi │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 5:#ghi(+n) │
│ │ │ │[@Flashy] │
│ │ │ │──────────────────────────────────────│
│ │ │ │Welcome to #def │
│ │ │ │12:55:12 Max | hi │@Flashy│
│ │ │ │12:55:20 @Flashy | hi Max! │Max │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │ │ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 3:#abc(+n) │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 4:#def(+n) │
│ │[@Flashy] hi peter!█ │[@Flashy] │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
▲ window #1 (buffer #3) ▲ window #2 (buffer #4)
....
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[buffers]]
=== Buffers
[[lines_format]]
==== Format of lines
Lines displayed in formatted buffers have following fields:
[width="100%",cols="2,2,10",options="header"]
|===
| Field | Displayed | Description
| date/time (message) | Yes | Date/time of message (may be past).
| date/time (print) | No | Date/time when WeeChat prints the message.
| prefix | Yes | Prefix of message, commonly a nick.
| message | Yes | The message itself.
| displayed | No | Boolean: true if line is displayed, false if line is filtered with command <<command_weechat_filter,/filter>>.
| highlight | No | Boolean: true if line has a highlight, false otherwise.
| tags | With `/debug tags` | Tags associated with the line (see <<lines_tags,lines tags>>).
|===
The display of lines can be customized with many look options
(_pass:[weechat.look.*]_) and color options (_pass:[weechat.color.chat_*]_).
[[lines_tags]]
==== Lines tags
WeeChat uses tags in lines for different purposes:
* highlight
* notify level
* logging
* use of command <<command_weechat_filter,/filter>>
Tags can be displayed with the command `/debug tags` (same command to hide them).
Tag usati di frequente (elenco non esaustivo):
[width="100%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Tag | Descrizione
| no_filter | La riga non può essere filtrata.
| no_highlight | Evidenziazione non possibile sulla riga.
| no_log | La riga non viene scritta nel file di log.
| log0 … log9 | Livello di log per la riga (consultare `/help logger`).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| notify_none | The line must not be added to hotlist. ^(1)^
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| notify_message | The line is a user message. ^(1)^
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| notify_private | The line is a private message. ^(1)^
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| notify_highlight | The line is a message with highlight. ^(1)^
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| self_msg | Self message.
| nick_xxx | Il messaggio viene dal nick "xxx".
| prefix_nick_ccc | Il prefisso è un nick con il colore "ccc".
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| host_xxx | Username and host in message.
| irc_xxx | Messaggio IRC "xxx" (può essere un comando o un numero di 3 cifre).
| irc_numeric | Messaggio IRC numerico.
| irc_error | Errore dal server IRC.
| irc_action | Azione da un nic (comando `/me`).
| irc_ctcp | Messaggio CTCP.
| irc_ctcp_reply | Risposta ad un messaggio CTCP.
| irc_smart_filter | Messaggio IRC filtrabile tramite lo "smart filter" (filtro intelligente).
| away_info | Messagio con informazioni sull'assenza.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
^(1)^ When no tag "notify_xxx" is present, the default level is "low". If a tag
"notify_xxx" is present, the real notify level can be different, for example
if a max hotlist level is used for a nick, the notify level can be lower than
the value in the tag.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[local_variables]]
==== Local variables
Local variables can be defined in all buffers.
A local variable has:
* a name (string)
* a value (string, can be empty).
Local variables can be set by WeeChat, plugins, scripts, or manually on the
command line in the buffer.
For example to add the local variable "completion_default_template":
----
/buffer setvar completion_default_template %(my_completion)
----
To list local variables in the current buffer:
----
/buffer listvar
----
To remove the local variable "completion_default_template":
----
/buffer delvar completion_default_template
----
By default WeeChat and its default plugins interpret these variables:
[width="100%",cols="^2m,2,5",options="header"]
|===
| Name | Value | Description
| away |
any string |
Away message on the server, set by irc plugin.
| channel |
any string |
Channel name, set by irc/xfer plugins and debug buffer of relay/trigger plugins.
| charset_modifier |
any string |
Charset modifier for the server buffer, set by irc plugin.
| completion_default_template |
any string |
Default completion template for the buffer, overriding the option
`weechat.completion.default_template`.
| filter |
any string |
Filter defined on some buffers like `/fset`, `/server raw` (irc) and `/script`.
| host |
any string |
Self host (if known), set by irc plugin.
| lag |
any string |
Lag on the server, set by irc plugin.
| name |
any string |
Buffer name (be careful, this is not the full name and this name is not
enough to identify or search a buffer).
| nick |
any string |
Self nick, set by irc and xfer plugins.
| no_log |
`1` (or any non-empty string) |
If set, the logger plugin does not log anything for the buffer.
| plugin |
any string |
Name of plugin which created the buffer (`core` for WeeChat buffers).
| script_close_cb |
any string |
Close callback defined by a script for a buffer.
| script_close_cb_data |
any string |
Data for close callback defined by a script for a buffer.
| script_input_cb |
any string |
Input callback defined by a script for a buffer.
| script_input_cb_data |
any string |
Data for input callback defined by a script for a buffer.
| script_name |
any string |
Name of the script which created the buffer.
| server |
any string |
Server name, set by irc plugin and debug buffer of relay/trigger plugins.
| spell_suggest |
any string |
Misspelled word and suggestions (format: "misspelled:suggestions"), set by
spell plugin.
| trigger_filter |
any string |
Trigger filter, set by trigger plugin.
| type |
any string, for example:
`channel`,
`debug`,
`exec`,
`option`,
`private`,
`relay`,
`script`,
`server`,
`user`,
`xfer` |
Type of buffer, set by WeeChat and many plugins.
|===
[NOTE]
External plugins and scripts can define and use other local variables.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[bars]]
=== Bars
A _bar_ is an area beside the chat that can contain any type of text.
The bar options can be set with options `weechat.bar.name.option` where `name`
is the name of the bar and `option` the option for this bar.
List of bar options:
[width="100%",cols="2m,2,10",options="header"]
|===
| Option | Values | Description
| type | `root`, `window` |
// TRANSLATION MISSING
A bar with type `root` is displayed exactly one time on screen, outside all
windows. The default bar _buflist_ has type `root`. +
A bar with type `window` is displayed in each window, for example if you
split one time the screen (with `/window splith` or `/window splitv`), you
will have one bar in each window. The default bars _title_, _status_,
_input_ and _nicklist_ have type `window`.
| position | `top`, `bottom`, `left`, `right` |
Position of the bar: above/below chat, on the left/right.
| priority | integer ≥ 0 |
Priority for display of bar: this is used for ordering the bars on screen when
many bars have same type and position. +
The bars are displayed from the edge of the screen to the center. A higher
priority will display bar at the beginning, so closer to the edge. +
Example: _input_ bar has priority 1000, so it is displayed before the _status_
bar, which has priority 500.
| size | integer ≥ 0 |
The size of the bar: number of columns for position left/right, number
of lines for position top/bottom. A size of `0` means automatic, so the size
will be computed according to content displayed in bar.
| size_max | integer ≥ 0 |
The maximum size for a bar, `0` = no limit (this option is used only if
`size` = `0`).
| color_bg | color |
The default background color for the bar.
| color_fg | color |
The default text color for the bar.
| color_delim | color |
The color for delimiters in bar.
| hidden | `on`, `off` |
When option is `on`, the bar is hidden. +
Note: instead of changing this option, the command `/bar` is preferred, for
example: `/bar toggle nicklist` (see command <<command_weechat_bar,/bar>>).
| separator | `on`, `off` |
When option is `on`, a separator (line) is displayed between this bar and
other bars (or chat).
| items | string |
A list of _items_ (see <<bar_items,items>> for more info).
| filling_left_right | `+horizontal+`, `+vertical+`, `+columns_horizontal+`, `+columns_vertical+` |
Type of filling for a bar which has position `left` or `right` (see
<<bar_filling,filling>> for more info).
| filling_top_bottom | `+horizontal+`, `+vertical+`, `+columns_horizontal+`, `+columns_vertical+` |
Type of filling for a bar which has position `top` or `bottom` (see
<<bar_filling,filling>> for more info).
| conditions | string |
The conditions to display the bar (see <<bar_conditions,conditions>> for more
info).
|===
[[bar_items]]
==== Items
The option _items_ is a string with a list of bar items, separated by a comma
(space between items on screen) or `+++` (glued items).
The list of bar items is displayed with command `/bar listitems`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Before or after item name, you can use chars (that are not alphanumeric, `+-+`
or `+_+`). They will be displayed before/after item with the delimiters color
defined in bar (option _color_delim_).
Example of bar with items "[time],buffer_number+:+buffer_plugin+.+buffer_name":
....
┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│[12:55] 3:irc/libera.#weechat │
└───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
....
// TRANSLATION MISSING
A special syntax can be used to force the buffer used when displaying the bar
item: "@buffer:item" (where "buffer" is the full name of buffer and "item" is
the name of a bar item).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
This is useful in root bars, to display item for a specific buffer which is
not displayed in the current window (or even not displayed at all).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Example: nicklist of bitlbee in a root bar (if the bar is called
_bitlist_ and if bitlbee server is called _bitlbee_):
----
/set weechat.bar.bitlist.items "@irc.bitlbee.&bitlbee:buffer_nicklist"
----
[[bar_filling]]
==== Filling
There are four types of filling:
* `+horizontal+`: the items are displayed horizontally, from left to right. If
there are new lines in items, a space is used to separate lines.
* `+vertical+`: the items are displayed from top to bottom. If there are new
lines in items, a new line is used to separate lines.
* `+columns_horizontal+`: items are displayed using columns, where text is
aligned on the left. The first item is on top left, the second is on same
line, on the right.
* `+columns_vertical+`: items are displayed using columns, where text is aligned
on the left. The first item is on top left, the second is one line below.
Default bars _title_, _status_ and _input_ have _horizontal_ filling, and
default bar _nicklist_ has _vertical_ filling.
Some examples of filling for bar _nicklist_:
....
┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│Welcome to #test, this is a test channel │
│12:54:15 peter | hey! │@carl │
│12:55:01 +Max | hello │@jessika│
│ │@maddy │
│ │%Diego │
│ │%Melody │
│ │+Max │
│ │ celia │
│ │ Eva │
│ │ freddy │
│ │ Harold^│
│ │ henry4 │
│ │ jimmy17│
│ │ jodie ▼│
│[12:55] [6] [irc/libera] 3:#test(+n){24} │
│[@carl] █ │
└───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
filling_left_right = vertical ▲
┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│Welcome to #test, this is a test channel │
│12:54:15 peter | hey! │@carl lee │
│12:55:01 +Max | hello │@jessika louise │
│ │@maddy mario │
│ │%Diego mark │
│ │%Melody peter │
│ │+Max Rachel │
│ │ celia richard│
│ │ Eva sheryl │
│ │ freddy Vince │
│ │ Harold^ warren │
│ │ henry4 zack │
│ │ jimmy17 │
│ │ jodie │
│[12:55] [6] [irc/libera] 3:#test(+n){24} │
│[@carl] █ │
└───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
filling_left_right = columns_vertical ▲
┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│@carl %Diego celia Harold^ jodie mario Rachel Vince │
│@jessika %Melody Eva henry4 lee mark richard warren │
│@maddy +Max freddy jimmy17 louise peter sheryl zack │
│───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────│
│ │
filling_top_bottom = columns_vertical ▲
┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│@carl @jessika @maddy %Diego %Melody +Max celia Eva │
│ freddy Harold^ henry4 jimmy17 jodie lee louise mario │
│ mark peter Rachel richard sheryl Vince warren zack │
│───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────│
│ │
filling_top_bottom = columns_horizontal ▲
....
[[bar_conditions]]
==== Conditions
// TRANSLATION MISSING
The option _conditions_ is a string which is evaluated to know if the bar
must be displayed or not.
The string can be:
* _active_: the window must be active
* _inactive_: the window must be inactive
* _nicklist_: the buffer displayed in window must have a nicklist
* an expression: it is evaluated as boolean (see command
<<command_weechat_eval,/eval>>)
For the expression, following variables are available:
* `+${active}+`: true if window is active
* `+${inactive}+`: true if window is inactive
* `+${nicklist}+`: true if buffer displayed in window has a nicklist
Following pointers are available:
* `+${window}+`: the window where condition is evaluated
* `+${buffer}+`: the buffer of window where condition is evaluated
Example to display nicklist bar in all buffers with a nicklist, and only if
width of terminal is > 100:
----
/set weechat.bar.nicklist.conditions "${nicklist} && ${info:term_width} > 100"
----
Same condition, but always display nicklist on buffer _&bitlbee_
(even if terminal is small):
----
/set weechat.bar.nicklist.conditions "${nicklist} && (${info:term_width} > 100 || ${buffer.full_name} == irc.bitlbee.&bitlbee)"
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[bare_display]]
=== Bare display
A special display, called "bare display" can be used for easy click on long URLs
and selection of text (using the mouse).
The bare display has following features:
* it displays only the content of current buffer: no window split neither bars
(no title, nicklist, status, input, ...)
* the WeeChat mouse support is disabled (if it was enabled): you can use your
mouse like you do in the terminal to click on URLs and select text
* ncurses is not used, therefore URLs are not cut at the end of lines.
The default key to enable bare display is kbd:[Alt+l] (`L`), and same key to exit
(or by default anything changing the input will exit the bare display, see option
<<option_weechat.look.bare_display_exit_on_input,weechat.look.bare_display_exit_on_input>>).
The time format can be customized with the option
<<option_weechat.look.bare_display_time_format,weechat.look.bare_display_time_format>>.
The bare display can be enabled for a specific delay using the command
<<command_weechat_window,/window>>.
If WeeChat looks like that:
....
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│1.libera │Welcome to #abc │
│ weechat│12:52:27 --> | Flashy (flashcode@weechat.org) has joined #abc │@Flashy│
│2. #test│12:52:27 -- | Nicks #abc: [@Flashy @joe +weebot peter] │@joe │
│3. #abc │12:52:27 -- | Channel #abc: 4 nicks (2 ops, 1 voice, 1 normal) │+weebot│
│4. #def │12:52:27 -- | Channel created on Tue Jan 27 06:30:17 2009 │peter │
│5. #ghi │12:54:15 peter | hey! │ │
│ │12:55:01 @joe | peter: hook_process: https://weechat.org/files/doc │ │
│ │ | /devel/weechat_plugin_api.en.html#_weechat_hook_pr │ │
│ │ | ocess │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │ │ │
│ │[12:55] [5] [irc/libera] 3:#abc(+n){4} │
│ │[@Flashy(i)] hi peter!█ │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
....
The screen will look like that in bare display:
....
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│ │
│12:52 --> Flashy (flashcode@weechat.org) has joined #abc │
│12:52 -- Nicks #abc: [@Flashy @joe +weebot peter] │
│12:52 -- Channel #abc: 4 nicks (2 ops, 1 voice, 1 normal) │
│12:52 -- Channel created on Tue Jan 27 06:30:17 2009 │
│12:54 <peter> hey! │
│12:55 <@joe> peter: hook_process: https://weechat.org/files/doc/devel/weechat_plugin_a│
│pi.en.html#_weechat_hook_process │
└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
....
So you can click the URL from _joe_ without any problem in your terminal (of
course this supposes that your terminal supports click on URLs).
[[notify_levels]]
=== Livelli di notifica
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[setup_notify_levels]]
==== Setup notify levels
Sono possibili quattro livelli per i messaggi mostrati nei buffer, dal più basso
al più alto:
* _low_: messaggio di bassa importanza (ad esempio entrata/uscita/disconnessione
di irc)
* _message_: messaggio da un utente
* _private_: messaggio in un buffer privato
* _highlight_: messaggio con notifica
Ogni buffer ha un livello di notifica, che viene usato per decidere quale
messaggio il buffer andrà ad aggiungere nella hotlist.
Il livello predefinito di notifica può essere impostato usando l'opzione
<<option_weechat.look.buffer_notify_default,weechat.look.buffer_notify_default>>,
il valore predefinito è _all_.
[width="75%",cols="2m,7",options="header"]
|===
| Livello di notifica | Livello del messaggio aggiunto alla hotlist
| none | (nessuno)
| highlight | _highlight_ + _private_
| message | _highlight_ + _private_ + _message_
| all | _highlight_ + _private_ + _message_ + _low_
|===
Il livello di notifica può essere definito per un set di buffer, ad esempio
tutti i buffer per il server irc "libera":
----
/set weechat.notify.irc.libera message
----
Imposta il livello di notifica _highlight_ solo sul canale _#weechat_:
----
/set weechat.notify.irc.libera.#weechat highlight
----
Il livello di notifica per un buffer può essere impostato con il comando `/buffer`:
----
/buffer notify highlight
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[max_hotlist_level_nicks]]
==== Max hotlist level for nicks
It is possible to set max hotlist level for some nicks, per buffer, or per group
of buffers (like IRC servers).
The buffer property "hotlist_max_level_nicks" can be set with a list of nicks
and for each nick the max hotlist level to trigger, possible levels are:
* -1: no hotlist changes for nick
* 0: low priority (like join/part messages)
* 1: message
* 2: private message
* 3: highlight (in fact useless, since it's already the default max for all messages)
For example to disable highlights from "joe" and "mike" on current buffer:
----
/buffer set hotlist_max_level_nicks_add joe:2,mike:2
----
[NOTE]
The buffer property "hotlist_max_level_nicks" is not saved in configuration. +
You can easily save it with the script _buffer_autoset.py_: you can install it
with `+/script install buffer_autoset.py+` and get help with `+/help buffer_autoset+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[highlights]]
=== Highlights
[[highlights_words]]
==== Add words to highlight
By default, WeeChat highlights messages from other users containing your nick,
therefore the highlight depends on the buffer (the nick can be different from
one buffer to another).
You can add other words to highlight with the option
<<option_weechat.look.highlight,weechat.look.highlight>>, for example to
highlight your nick and "word1", "word2" and all words beginning with "test":
----
/set weechat.look.highlight word1,word2,test*
----
If you need a more specific rule for the word, you can use regular expressions
with the option <<option_weechat.look.highlight_regex,weechat.look.highlight_regex>>,
for example to highlight words "flashcode", "flashcöde" and "flashy":
----
/set weechat.look.highlight_regex flashc[oö]de|flashy
----
The delimiters around words to highlight can be customized with the option
<<option_weechat.look.word_chars_highlight,weechat.look.word_chars_highlight>>.
[[highlights_tags]]
==== Add tags to highlight
Lines displayed can contain "tags", which give some info about the origin of
message or the message itself. +
You can display tags with the command `/debug tags` (same command to hide them).
You can add specific tags to highlight with the option
<<option_weechat.look.highlight_tags,weechat.look.highlight_tags>>.
Tags are separated by commas, and multiple tags can be separated by `+++` to do
a logical "and" between them.
For example to highlight all messages from nick "FlashCode" and all notices
from nicks beginning with "toto":
----
/set weechat.look.highlight_tags "nick_flashcode,irc_notice+nick_toto*"
----
[[highlights_regex_buffer]]
==== Set extra highlights on buffer
You can force highlight using a regular expression with the buffer property
"highlight_regex".
For example to force the highlight on all messages in the current buffer:
----
/buffer set highlight_regex .*
----
[NOTE]
The buffer property "highlight_regex" is not saved in configuration. +
You can easily save it with the script _buffer_autoset.py_: you can install it
with `+/script install buffer_autoset.py+` and get help with `+/help buffer_autoset+`.
[[key_bindings]]
=== Associazione tasti predefinita
[[key_bindings_command_line]]
==== Tasti per la riga di comando
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,.^8,.^5",options="header"]
|===
| Tasti | Descrizione | Comando
| kbd:[←] +
kbd:[Ctrl+b] | Passa al carattere precedente nella riga di comando. | `+/input move_previous_char+`
| kbd:[→] +
kbd:[Ctrl+f] | Passa al carattere successivo nella riga di comando. | `+/input move_next_char+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+←] +
kbd:[Alt+b] | Passa alla parola precedente nella riga di comando. | `+/input move_previous_word+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+→] +
kbd:[Alt+f] | Passa alla parola successiva nella riga di comando. | `+/input move_next_word+`
| kbd:[Home] +
kbd:[Ctrl+a] | Si sposta all'inizio della riga di comando. | `+/input move_beginning_of_line+`
| kbd:[End] +
kbd:[Ctrl+e] | Si sposta alla fine della riga di comando. | `+/input move_end_of_line+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[b] | Inserisce il codice per il testo in grassetto. | `+/input insert \x02+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[c] | Inserisce il codice per il testo colorato. | `+/input insert \x03+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[i] | Inserisce il codice per il testo in corsivo. | `+/input insert \x1D+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[o] | Inserisce il codice per il reset dei colori. | `+/input insert \x0F+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[v] | Inserisce il codice per l'inversione dei colori. | `+/input insert \x16+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+c],
kbd:[_] | Inserisce il codice per il testo sottolineato. | `+/input insert \x1F+`
| kbd:[Del] +
kbd:[Ctrl+d] | Elimina il carattere successivo nella riga di comando. | `+/input delete_next_char+`
| kbd:[Backsp.] +
kbd:[Ctrl+h] | Elimina il carattere precedente nella riga di comando. | `+/input delete_previous_char+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+k] | Elimina dal cursore fino alla fine della riga di comando (deleted string is copied to the internal clipboard). | `+/input delete_end_of_line+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+r] | Cerca del testo nella cronologia del buffer (consultare <<key_bindings_search_context,tasti per il contesto search>>). | `+/input search_text_here+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+t] | Inverti caratteri. | `+/input transpose_chars+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+u] | Elimina dal cursore fino all'inizio della riga di comando (deleted string is copied to the internal clipboard). | `+/input delete_beginning_of_line+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+w] | Elimina la parola precedente nella riga di comando (deleted string is copied to the internal clipboard). | `+/input delete_previous_word+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+y] | Paste the internal clipboard content. | `+/input clipboard_paste+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+_] | Annulla l'ultima azione sulla riga di comando. | `+/input undo+`
| kbd:[Alt+_] | Ripete l'ultima azione sulla riga di comando. | `+/input redo+`
| kbd:[Tab] | Completa comando o nick (kbd:[Tab] di nuovo: trova prossimo completamento). | `+/input complete_next+`
| kbd:[Shift+Tab] | Senza completamento: effettua un completamento parziale, con completamento in sospeso: completa con il completamento precedente. | `+/input complete_previous+`
| kbd:[Invio] +
kbd:[Ctrl+j] +
kbd:[Ctrl+m] | Esegue comando o invia messaggio (in modalità ricerca: ferma ricerca). | `+/input return+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+Enter] | Insert a newline. | `+/input insert \n+`
| kbd:[↑] | Chiama comando/messaggio precedente (in modalità ricerca: cerca in alto). | `+/input history_previous+`
| kbd:[↓] | Chiama comando/messaggio precedente (in modalità ricerca: cerca in basso). | `+/input history_next+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+↑] | Chiama il comando/messaggio precedente nella cronologia globale (identico per tutti i buffer). | `+/input history_global_previous+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+↓] | Chiama il comando/messaggio successivo nella cronologia globale (identico per tutti i buffer). | `+/input history_global_next+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+d] | Elimina la parola successiva nella riga di comando (deleted string is copied to the internal clipboard). | `+/input delete_next_word+`
| kbd:[Alt+k] | Cattura un tasto ed inserisce il suo codice (e il comando associato se il tasto esiste) nella riga di comando. | `+/input grab_key_command+`
| kbd:[Alt+r] | Elimina l'intera riga di comando. | `+/input delete_line+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+s] | Toggle spell checker. | `+/mute spell toggle+`
|===
[[key_bindings_buffers_windows]]
==== Tasti per buffer / finestre
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,.^8,.^5",options="header"]
|===
| Tasti | Descrizione | Comando
| kbd:[Ctrl+l] (`L`) | Ridisegna l'intera finestra. | `+/window refresh+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+s],
kbd:[Ctrl+u] | Imposta l'evidenziatore dei messaggi non letti su tutti i buffer. | `+/input set_unread+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+x] | Passa al buffer attivo se i buffer sono collegati con lo stesso numero. | `+/input switch_active_buffer+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+x] | Zoom on merged buffer (kbd:[Alt+x] again: display all merged buffers). | `+/input zoom_merged_buffer+`
| kbd:[PgUp] | Scorre in alto di una pagina nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window page_up+`
| kbd:[PgDn] | Scorre di una pagina in basso nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window page_down+`
| kbd:[Alt+PgUp] | Scorre di qualche riga in alto nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window scroll_up+`
| kbd:[Alt+PgDn] | Scorre di qualche riga in basso nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window scroll_down+`
| kbd:[Alt+Home] | Scorre in cima al buffer. | `+/window scroll_top+`
| kbd:[Alt+End] | Scorre alla fine del del buffer. | `+/window scroll_bottom+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[F1] +
kbd:[Ctrl+F1] | Scroll up one page in buflist. | `+/bar scroll buflist * -100%+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[F2] +
kbd:[Ctrl+F2] | Scroll down one page in buflist. | `+/bar scroll buflist * +100%+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+F1] | Go to the beginning of buflist. | `+/bar scroll buflist * b+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+F2] | Go to the end of buflist. | `+/bar scroll buflist * e+`
| kbd:[Alt+←] +
kbd:[Alt+↑] +
kbd:[Ctrl+p] +
kbd:[F5] | Passa al buffer precedente. | `+/buffer -1+`
| kbd:[Alt+→] +
kbd:[Alt+↓] +
kbd:[Ctrl+n] +
kbd:[F6] | Passa al buffer successivo. | `+/buffer +1+`
| kbd:[F7] | Passa alla finestra precedente. | `+/window -1+`
| kbd:[F8] | Passa alla finestra successiva. | `+/window +1+`
| kbd:[F9] | Scorre il titolo del buffer sulla sinistra. | `+/bar scroll title * -30%+`
| kbd:[F10] | Scorre il titolo del buffer sulla destra. | `+/bar scroll title * +30%+`
| kbd:[F11] +
kbd:[Ctrl+F11] | Scorre di una pagina in alto nella lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist * -100%+`
| kbd:[F12] +
kbd:[Ctrl+F12] | Scorre di una pagina in basso nella lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist * +100%+`
| kbd:[Alt+F11] | Sposta all'inizio della lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist * b+`
| kbd:[Alt+F12] | Sposta alla fine della lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist * e+`
| kbd:[Alt+a] | Passa al buffer successivo con attività (con priorità: highligh, messagge, altro). | `+/input jump_smart+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+Shift+B] | Toggle buflist. | `+/buflist toggle+`
| kbd:[Alt+h] | Pulisce hotlist (notifica di attività su altri buffer). | `+/input hotlist_clear+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+j],
kbd:[Alt+f] | Switch to first buffer. | `+/buffer -+`
| kbd:[Alt+j],
kbd:[Alt+l] (`L`) | Passa all'ultimo buffer. | `+/buffer ++`
| kbd:[Alt+j],
kbd:[Alt+r] | Passa al buffer raw IRC. | `+/server raw+`
| kbd:[Alt+j],
kbd:[Alt+s] | Passa al buffer server IRC. | `+/server jump+`
| kbd:[Alt+0...9] | Passa al buffer numero (0 = 10). | `+/buffer *N+`
| kbd:[Alt+j],
kbd:[01...99] | Passa al buffer numero. | `+/buffer *NN+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+l] (`L`) | Toggle bare display. | `+/window bare+`
| kbd:[Alt+m] | Abilita/disabilita. | `+/mouse toggle+`
| kbd:[Alt+n] | Scorre fino alla notifica successiva. | `+/window scroll_next_highlight+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+Shift+N] | Toggle nicklist bar. | `+/bar toggle nicklist+`
| kbd:[Alt+p] | Scorre fino alla notifica precedente. | `+/window scroll_previous_highlight+`
| kbd:[Alt+u] | Scorre fino alla prima riga non letta nel buffer. | `+/window scroll_unread+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+↑] | Passa alla finestra in alto. | `+/window up+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+↓] | Passa alla finestra in basso. | `+/window down+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+←] | Passa alla finestra sulla sinistra. | `+/window left+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+→] | Passa alla finestrs sulla destra. | `+/window right+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+b] | Bilancia le dimensioni di tutte le finestre. | `+/window balance+`
| kbd:[Alt+w],
kbd:[Alt+s] | Scambia i buffer di due finestra. | `+/window swap+`
| kbd:[Alt+z] | Ingrandimento sulla finestra attiva (kbd:[Alt+z] di nuovo: ripristina lo stato iniziale della finestra, prima dell'ingrandimento). | `+/window zoom+`
| kbd:[Alt+<] | Passa al buffer precedente nella lista dei buffer visitati. | `+/input jump_previously_visited_buffer+`
| kbd:[Alt+>] | Passa al buffer successivo nella lista dei buffer visitati. | `+/input jump_next_visited_buffer+`
| kbd:[Alt+/] | Passa all'ultimo buffer mostrato (prima dell'ultimo passaggio ad un buffer). | `+/input jump_last_buffer_displayed+`
| kbd:[Alt+=] | Attiva/disattiva filtri. | `+/filter toggle+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Alt+-] | Toggle filters in current buffer. | `+/filter toggle @+`
|===
[[key_bindings_search_context]]
==== Tasti per il contesto "search"
Questi tasti sono usati nel contesto "search" (quando viene digitato
kbd:[Ctrl+r] per cercare del testo nel buffer).
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,.^8,.^5",options="header"]
|===
| Key | Descrizione | Comando
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+r] | Switch search type: string (default), regular expression. | `+/input search_switch_regex+`
| kbd:[Alt+c] | Passa alla ricerca esatta. | `+/input search_switch_case+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Tab] | Switch search in: messages (default), prefixes, prefixes + messages. | `+/input search_switch_where+`
| kbd:[↑] | Cerca riga precedente. | `+/input search_previous+`
| kbd:[↓] | Cerca riga successiva. | `+/input search_next+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Enter] +
kbd:[Ctrl+j] +
kbd:[Ctrl+m] | Stop search at current position. | `+/input search_stop_here+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+q] | Stop search and scroll to bottom of buffer. | `+/input search_stop+`
|===
[[key_bindings_cursor_context]]
==== Tasti per il contesto "cursor"
Questi tasti sono usati nel contesto "cursor" (movimento libero del cursore
sullo schermo.
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,^.^2,.^7,.^7",options="header"]
|===
| Tasto | Zona | Descrizione | Comando
| kbd:[↑] | - | Sposta il cursore di una riga in alto. | `+/cursor move up+`
| kbd:[↓] | - | Sposta il cursore di una riga in basso. | `+/cursor move down+`
| kbd:[←] | - | Sposta il cursore di una colonna a sinistra. | `+/cursor move left+`
| kbd:[→] | - | Sposta il cursore di una colonna a destra. | `+/cursor move right+`
| kbd:[Alt+↑] | - | Sposta il cursore nell'area in alto. | `+/cursor move area_up+`
| kbd:[Alt+↓] | - | Sposta il cursore nell'area in basso. | `+/cursor move area_down+`
| kbd:[Alt+←] | - | Sposta il cursore nell'area a sinistra. | `+/cursor move area_left+`
| kbd:[Alt+→] | - | Sposta il cursore nell'area a destra. | `+/cursor move area_right+`
| kbd:[m] | chat | Cita messaggio. | `+hsignal:chat_quote_message;/cursor stop+`
| kbd:[q] | chat | Cita prefisso + messaggio. | `+hsignal:chat_quote_prefix_message;/cursor stop+`
| kbd:[Q] | chat | Cita ora + prefisso + messaggio. | `+hsignal:chat_quote_time_prefix_message;/cursor stop+`
| kbd:[b] | lista nick | Ban di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/ban ${nick}+`
| kbd:[k] | lista nick | Kick di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/kick ${nick}+`
| kbd:[K] | lista nick | Kick e ban di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/kickban ${nick}+`
| kbd:[q] | lista nick | Apri query con il nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/query ${nick};/cursor stop+`
| kbd:[w] | lista nick | Effettua un whois sul nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/whois ${nick}+`
| kbd:[Enter] +
kbd:[Ctrl+j] +
kbd:[Ctrl+m] | - | Ferma la modalità cursore. | `+/cursor stop+`
|===
[[key_bindings_mouse_context]]
==== Tasti per il contesto "mouse"
Questi tasti sono usati nel contesto "mouse", ovvero quando si verifica un
evento del mouse.
// TRANSLATION MISSING (6)
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,^.^3,^.^3,.^8,.^8",options="header"]
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| Tasto/Wheel ^(1)^ | Azione | Zona | Descrizione | Comando
| ◾◽◽ | - | chat | Passa alla finestra. | `+/window ${_window_number}+`
| ◾◽◽ | sinistra | chat | Passa al buffer precedente. | `+/window ${_window_number};/buffer +1+`
| ◾◽◽ | destra | chat | Passa al buffer successivo. | `+/window ${_window_number};/buffer +1+`
| ◾◽◽ | sinistra (lungo) | chat | Switch to first buffer. | `+/window ${_window_number};/buffer 1+`
| ◾◽◽ | destra (lungo) | chat | Passa all'ultimo buffer. | `+/window ${_window_number};/input jump_last_buffer+`
| kbd:[▲] | - | chat | Scorre di qualche riga in alto nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window scroll_up -window ${_window_number}+`
| kbd:[▼] | - | chat | Scorre di qualche riga in basso nella cronologia del buffer. | `+/window scroll_down -window ${_window_number}+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+▲] | - | chat | Scroll horizontally to the left. | `+/window scroll_horiz -window ${_window_number} -10%+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+▼] | - | chat | Scroll horizontally to the right. | `+/window scroll_horiz -window ${_window_number} +10%+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[▲] | - | chat: fset buffer | Move five lines up in fset buffer. | `+/fset -up 5+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[▼] | - | chat: fset buffer | Move five lines down in fset buffer. | `+/fset -down 5+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◾◽◽ | - | chat: fset buffer | Select line in fset buffer. | `+/window ${_window_number};/fset -go ${_chat_line_y}+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | - | chat: fset buffer | Toggle boolean (on/off) or edit the option value. | `+hsignal:fset_mouse+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | left | chat: fset buffer | Decrease value for integer/color, set/append to value for other types. | `+hsignal:fset_mouse+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | right | chat: fset buffer | Increase value for integer/color, set/append to value for other types. | `+hsignal:fset_mouse+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | up / down | chat: fset buffer | Mark/unmark multiple options. | `+hsignal:fset_mouse+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[▲] | - | chat: script buffer | Move 5 lines up in script buffer. | `+/script up 5+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[▼] | - | chat: script buffer | Move 5 lines down in script buffer. | `+/script down 5+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◾◽◽ | - | chat: script buffer | Select line in script buffer. | `+/script go ${_chat_line_y}+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | - | chat: script buffer | Install/remove script. | `+/script go ${_chat_line_y};/script installremove -q ${script_name_with_extension}+`
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◾◽◽ | up / left | buflist | Move buffer to a lower number. | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◾◽◽ | down / right | buflist | Move buffer to a higher number. | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◾◽◽ | - | buflist | Switch to buffer (previously visited buffer if the buffer is the current one). | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| ◽◽◾ | - | buflist | Switch to next visited buffer if the buffer is the current one. | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+▲] | - | buflist | Switch to previous buffer. | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| kbd:[Ctrl+▼] | - | buflist | Switch to next buffer. | Signal `+buflist_mouse+`.
| ◾◽◽ | su | lista nick | Scorre di una pagina in alto nella lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist ${_window_number} -100%+`
| ◾◽◽ | giù | lista nick | Scorre di una pagina in basso nella lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist ${_window_number} +100%+`
| ◾◽◽ | up (lungo) | lista nick | Sposta all'inizio della lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist ${_window_number} b+`
| ◾◽◽ | giù (lungo) | lista nick | Sposta alla fine della lista nick. | `+/bar scroll nicklist ${_window_number} e+`
| ◾◽◽ | - | lista nick | Apre una query con un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/query ${nick}+`
| ◽◽◾ | - | lista nick | Effettua un whois su un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/whois ${nick}+`
| ◾◽◽ | sinistra | lista nick | Kick di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/kick ${nick}+`
| ◾◽◽ | sinistra (lungo) | lista nick | Kick e ban di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/kickban ${nick}+`
| ◽◽◾ | sinistra | lista nick | Ban di un nick. | `+/window ${_window_number};/ban ${nick}+`
| ◽◽◾ | - | input | Cattura un evento del mouse e inserisce il codice nella riga di comando. | `+/input grab_mouse_area+`
| kbd:[▲] | - | ogni barra | Scorre la barra del -20%. | `+/bar scroll ${_bar_name} ${_window_number} -20%+`
| kbd:[▼] | - | ogni barra | Scorre la barra del +20%. | `+/bar scroll ${_bar_name} ${_window_number} +20%+`
| ◽◾◽ | - | ovunque | Avvia la modalità cursore in questo punto. | `+/cursor go ${_x},${_y}+`
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
^(1)^ kbd:[▲] and kbd:[▼] are wheel up and down.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[key_bindings_fset_buffer]]
==== Keys for fset buffer
// TRANSLATION MISSING
These keys and actions are used on the fset buffer (see <<fset_plugin,Fset plugin>>).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,^.^2,.^8,.^5",options="header"]
|===
| Key | Action ^(1)^ | Description | Command
| kbd:[↑] | | Move one line up. | `+/fset -up+`
| kbd:[↓] | | Move one line down. | `+/fset -down+`
| kbd:[PgUp] | | Move one page up. | `+/window page_up+`
| kbd:[PgDn] | | Move one page down. | `+/window page_down+`
| kbd:[Alt+Home] | `pass:[<<]` | Move to first line. | `+/fset -go 0+`
| kbd:[Alt+End] | `pass:[>>]` | Move to last line. | `+/fset -go end+`
| kbd:[F11] | `pass:[<]` | Scroll horizontally on the left. | `+/fset -left+`
| kbd:[F12] | `pass:[>]` | Scroll horizontally on the right. | `+/fset -right+`
| kbd:[Alt+Space] | `t` | Toggle boolean value. | `+/fset -toggle+`
| kbd:[Alt+-] | `-` | Subtract 1 from value for integer/color, set value for other types. | `+/fset -add -1+`
| kbd:[Alt++] | `+` | Add 1 to value for integer/color, append to value for other types. | `+/fset -add 1+`
| kbd:[Alt+f],
kbd:[Alt+r] | `r` | Reset value. | `+/fset -reset+`
| kbd:[Alt+f],
kbd:[Alt+u] | `u` | Unset value. | `+/fset -unset+`
| kbd:[Alt+Enter] | `s` | Set value. | `+/fset -set+`
| kbd:[Alt+f],
kbd:[Alt+n] | `n` | Set new value. | `+/fset -setnew+`
| kbd:[Alt+f],
kbd:[Alt+a] | `a` | Append to value. | `+/fset -append+`
| kbd:[Alt+,] | `,` | Mark/unmark option. | `+/fset -mark 1+`
| kbd:[Shift+↑] | | Move one line up and mark/unmark option. | `+/fset -up; /fset -mark+`
| kbd:[Shift+↓] | | Mark/unmark option and move one line down. | `+/fset -mark; /fset -down+`
| | `m:xxx` | Mark options displayed that are matching filter "xxx" (any filter on option or value is allowed, see <<command_fset_fset,fset command>>). |
| | `u:xxx` | Unmark options displayed that are matching filter "xxx" (any filter on option or value is allowed, see <<command_fset_fset,fset command>>). |
| kbd:[Ctrl+l] (`L`) | | Refresh options and whole screen. | `+/fset -refresh+`
| | `$` | Refresh options (keep marked options). |
| | `$$` | Refresh options (unmark all options). |
| kbd:[Alt+p] | | Toggle plugin description options (`pass:[plugins.desc.*]`). | `+/mute /set fset.look.show_plugins_desc toggle+`
| kbd:[Alt+v] | | Toggle help bar. | `+/bar toggle fset+`
| | `s:x,y` | Sort options by fields x,y (see option <<option_fset.look.sort,fset.look.sort>>). | `+/mute /set fset.look.sort x,y+`
| | `s:` | Reset sort to its default value (see option <<option_fset.look.sort,fset.look.sort>>). | `+/mute /unset fset.look.sort+`
| | `w:xxx` | Export options in file "xxx". | `+/fset -export xxx+`
| | `w-:xxx` | Export options in file "xxx" without help. | `+/fset -export -nohelp xxx+`
| | `w+:xxx` | Export options in file "xxx" with help. | `+/fset -export -help xxx+`
| kbd:[Ctrl+x] | `x` | Switch the format used to display options. | `+/fset -format+`
| | `q` | Close fset buffer. | `+/buffer close+`
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
^(1)^ The action must be entered as input on the command line, followed by kbd:[Enter].
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[key_bindings_script_buffer]]
==== Keys for script buffer
// TRANSLATION MISSING
These keys and actions are used on the script buffer (see <<scripts_plugins,Script plugin>>).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="^.^3,^.^2,.^8,.^5",options="header"]
|===
| Key | Action ^(1)^ | Description | Command
| kbd:[↑] | | Move one line up. | `+/script up+`
| kbd:[↓] | | Move one line down. | `+/script down+`
| kbd:[PgUp] | | Move one page up. | `+/window page_up+`
| kbd:[PgDn] | | Move one page down. | `+/window page_down+`
| kbd:[Alt+i] | `i` | Install script. | `+/script install+`
| kbd:[Alt+r] | `r` | Remove script. | `+/script remove+`
| kbd:[Alt+l] (`L`) | `l` | Load script. | `+/script load+`
| kbd:[Alt+u] | `u` | Unload script. | `+/script unload+`
| kbd:[Alt+Shift+A] | `A` | Autoload script. | `+/script toggleautoload+`
| kbd:[Alt+h] | `h` | Hold/unhold script. | `+/script hold+`
| kbd:[Alt+v] | `v` | View script. | `+/script show+`
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[NOTE]
^(1)^ The action must be entered as input on the command line, followed by kbd:[Enter].
[[mouse]]
=== Supporto del mouse
WeeChat supporta i click e le azioni del mouse. Funziona con il terminale
locale, e da remoto via connessione ssh con o senza screen/tmux.
[[mouse_enable]]
==== Abilitare il mouse
Per abilitare il mouse all'avvio:
----
/set weechat.look.mouse on
----
Per abilitarlo subito, digitare kbd:[Alt+m] oppure eseguire il seguente comando:
----
/mouse enable
----
È possibile disabilitarlo temporaneamente, e associare il comando ad un
tasto. Ad esempio il tasto kbd:[Alt+%] per disabilitare il mouse per 10 secondi:
----
/key bind meta-% /mouse toggle 10
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[IMPORTANT]
When mouse is enabled in WeeChat, all mouse events are caught by WeeChat, so
actions such as copy/paste or clicks on URLs are not sent to the terminal. +
Using kbd:[Shift] key causes the events to be sent directly to the terminal,
as if the mouse was disabled (on some terminals like iTerm, you have to use
kbd:[Alt] instead of kbd:[Shift]).
[NOTE]
Per qualunque problema con il mouse, consultare
link:weechat_faq.it.html#mouse[FAQ di WeeChat / Mouse].
[[mouse_bind_events]]
==== Associare gli eventi del mouse a comandi
Molti eventi del mouse predefiniti sono già definiti da WeeChat (consultare
<<key_bindings_mouse_context,tasti per il contesto "mouse">>).
È possibile cambiare o aggiungere combinazioni con il comando `/key` usando il
contesto "mouse" (per la sintassi, consultare comando
<<command_weechat_key,/key>>).
Il nome dell'evento consiste di un modificatore (opzionale), il nome di un
pulsante/rotellina e un'azione (opzionale). Elementi diversi sono separati da `+-+`.
Elenco di modificatori
[width="100%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Modificatore | Descrizione
| ctrl | Tasto kbd:[Ctrl]
| alt | Tasto kbd:[Alt]
| ctrl-alt | Tasto kbd:[Ctrl] + kbd:[Alt]
|===
Elenco di pulsanti/rotellina:
[width="100%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Pulsante/rotellina | Descrizione
| button1 | Click sul tasto sinistro
| button2 | Click sul tasto destro
| button3 | Click sul tasto centrale (spesso click sulla rotellina)
| button4 ... button9 | Click sui pulsanti extra
| wheelup | Rotellina (su)
| wheeldown | Rotellina (giù)
|===
Elenco di azioni (solo per i pulsanti, non la rotellina):
[width="100%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Azione | Distanza
| gesture-up | 3 ... 19
| gesture-up-long | ≥ 20
| gesture-down | 3 ... 19
| gesture-down-long | ≥ 20
| gesture-left | 3 ... 39
| gesture-left-long | ≥ 40
| gesture-right | 3 ... 39
| gesture-right-long | ≥ 40
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
List of incomplete events (only for buttons, useful for plugins/scripts):
[width="100%",cols="1m,4",options="header"]
|===
| Event | Description
| event-down | Button was pressed but not released yet
| event-drag | Mouse was moved with button pressed down
|===
Esempio di eventi:
* `button1`
* `ctrl-button1`
* `button1-gesture-right`
* `button1-event-down`
* `button1-event-drag`
* `alt-button2-gesture-down-long`
* `wheelup`
* `ctrl-alt-wheeldown`
* ...
[TIP]
Quando si associa un tasto nel contesto "mouse", è possibile far corrispondere
più eventi usando `+*+` all'inizio o alla fine del nome, ad esempio
`+button1-gesture-*+` corrisponderà ad ogni azione compiuta col tasto sinistro.
[TIP]
È possibile trovare il nome di un evento con il comando `+/input grab_mouse+`
poi eseguire l'evento col mouse. Il comando inserisce il nome dell'evento
nella riga di comando.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[secured_data]]
=== Secured data
[[secured_data_storage]]
==== Storage
WeeChat can encrypt passwords or private data using secured data, stored in file
_sec.conf_.
This configuration file is read before any other file, and the values stored
inside can be used in various WeeChat or plugins/scripts options.
You can set a passphrase to encrypt data in _sec.conf_. This is not mandatory
but highly recommended, otherwise data is stored as plain text in file.
----
/secure passphrase this is my passphrase
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[secured_data_passphrase_on_startup]]
===== Passphrase on startup
When a passphrase is set, WeeChat will ask you to enter it on startup
(but not on `/upgrade`).
If you are using a password manager, you can run an external program to read
the passphrase instead of having to type it manually on WeeChat startup. +
For example with password-store (command `pass`):
----
/set sec.crypt.passphrase_command "/usr/bin/pass show weechat/passphrase"
----
The program may ask you unlock your GPG key or enter another passphrase to
read the secret. WeeChat will wait for the end of the command to read the
passphrase on the standard output (it must be on the first line without any
extra character). +
If the output contains no passphrase or if it is wrong, WeeChat will then ask
you to enter it.
[[secured_data_encryption]]
===== Encryption
The encryption of data is made in 3 steps:
. Derive a key from the passphrase (with optional salt).
. Compute hash of data to encrypt.
. Encrypt the hash + data (output is: salt + encrypted hash/data).
[NOTE]
The cipher block mode is _CFB_.
The result is put as hexadecimal string in file _sec.conf_, for example:
----
[data]
__passphrase__ = on
libera = "53B1C86FCDA28FC122A95B0456ABD79B5AB74654F21C3D099A6CCA8173239EEA59533A1D83011251F96778AC3F5166A394"
----
[[secured_data_decryption]]
===== Decryption
The decryption of data is made in 3 steps:
. Derive a key using salt and passphrase.
. Decrypt hash + data.
. Check that decrypted hash == hash of data.
[[secured_data_manage]]
==== Manage secured data
To add secured data, use `/secure set`, for example a password for _libera_
IRC server:
----
/secure set libera mypassword
----
For comfort, secured data can be displayed in a dedicated buffer (kbd:[Alt+v] on
buffer to see values), just do:
----
/secure
----
Secured data can be used in some options that can contain private data like
password, using this format: "${sec.data.xxx}" where "xxx" is the name of
secured data (used with `/secure set xxx ...`). +
For a complete list of supported options, see `/help secure`.
To use the _libera_ password, for example with
<<irc_sasl_authentication,SASL authentication>>:
----
/set irc.server.libera.sasl_password "${sec.data.libera}"
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[commands_and_options]]
=== Commands and options
[[weechat_commands]]
==== Comandi di WeeChat
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=weechat_commands]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[sec_options]]
==== Secured data options
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _sec.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| crypt | /set sec.crypt.* | Options for encryption.
| data | <<command_weechat_secure,/secure>> | Secured data.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=sec_options]
[[weechat_options]]
==== Opzioni di WeeChat
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _weechat.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| debug | <<command_weechat_debug,/debug set>> +
/set weechat.debug.* | Debug level, for core and plugins (options can be added/removed in section).
| startup | /set weechat.startup.* | Startup options.
| look | /set weechat.look.* | Look and feel.
| palette | <<command_weechat_color,/color alias>> +
/set weechat.palette.* | Color aliases (options can be added/removed in section).
| color | /set weechat.color.* | Colors.
| completion | /set weechat.completion.* | Completion options.
| history | /set weechat.history.* | History options (commands and buffers).
| proxy | <<command_weechat_proxy,/proxy>> +
/set weechat.proxy.* | Proxy options.
| network | /set weechat.network.* | Network/SSL options.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| plugin | /set weechat.plugin.* | Options on plugins.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| signal | /set weechat.signal.* | Options on signals.
| bar | <<command_weechat_bar,/bar>> +
/set weechat.bar.* | Bar options.
| layout | <<command_weechat_layout,/layout>> | Layouts.
| notify | <<command_weechat_buffer,/buffer notify>> | Notify levels for buffers (options can be added/removed in section).
| filter | <<command_weechat_filter,/filter>> | Filters.
| key | <<command_weechat_key,/key>> | Keys in default context.
| key_search | <<command_weechat_key,/key>> | Keys in search context.
| key_cursor | <<command_weechat_key,/key>> | Keys in cursor context.
| key_mouse | <<command_weechat_key,/key>> | Keys in mouse context.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=weechat_options]
[[plugins]]
== Plugin
Un plugin è una libreria dinamica, scritta in C e compilata, che viene caricata
da WeeChat.
In GNU/Linux, il file ha estensione ".so", ".dll" in Windows.
I plugin trovati vengono caricati automaticamente all'avvio di WeeChat, ed
è possibile caricare o scaricare i plugin durante l'esecuzione del programma.
È importante evidenziare la differenza tra un _plugin_ ed uno _script_: un
_plugin_ è un file binario compilato e caricato con il comando `/plugin`,
mentre uno _script_ è un file di testo caricato con un plugin come _python_
con il comando `/python`.
È possibile utilizzare il comando `/plugin` per caricare/scaricare un plugin,
oppure elencare tutti i plugin caricati.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
When a plugin is unloaded, WeeChat removes:
* buffers
* configuration options (options are written in files)
* all hooks: commands, modifiers, process, etc.
* infos and infolists
* hdata
* bar items.
Esempi per caricare, scaricare oppure elencare i plugin:
----
/plugin load irc
/plugin unload irc
/plugin list
----
I plugin predefiniti sono:
[width="100%",cols="1,5",options="header"]
|===
| Plugin | Descrizione
| alias | Definisce gli alias per i comandi.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| buflist | Bar item with list of buffers.
| charset | Set di caratteri per la codifica/decodifica nei buffer.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| exec | Execution of external commands in WeeChat.
| fifo | pipe FIFO utilizzata per inviare comandi da remoto su WeeChat.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| fset | Fast set of WeeChat and plugins options.
| irc | protocollo chat per IRC.
| logger | Registra i buffer su file.
| relay | Relay dei dati via rete.
| script | Gestore script.
| python | API per lo scripting in Python.
| perl | API per lo scripting in Perl.
| ruby | API per lo scripting in Ruby.
| lua | API per lo scripting in Lua.
| tcl | API per lo scripting in TCL.
| guile | API per lo scripting in Guile (scheme).
| javascript | API per lo scripting in JavaScript.
| php | API per lo scripting in PHP.
| spell | Controllo ortografico per la riga di comando.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| trigger | Text replacement and command execution on events triggered by WeeChat/plugins.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
| typing | Display users currently writing messages.
| xfer | Trasferimento file e chat diretta.
|===
Per saperne di più riguardo lo sviluppo di plugin o script (tramite le API), per
favore consultare link:weechat_plugin_api.it.html[Riferimento API dei Plugin per WeeChat]
oppure link:weechat_scripting.it.html[Guida allo Scripting di WeeChat].
[[alias_plugin]]
=== Alias
Il plugin Alias consente di creare alias per i comandi (da WeeChat o altri
plugin).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Some aliases are created by default, with name in upper case (to make them
different from standard commands); commands are not case sensitive in WeeChat,
so for example `/close` runs the alias `/CLOSE`.
// TRANSLATION MISSING
List of default aliases:
include::includes/autogen_user_default_aliases.it.adoc[tag=default_aliases]
[[alias_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=alias_commands]
[[alias_options]]
==== Options
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _alias.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| cmd | <<command_alias_alias,/alias>> +
/set alias.cmd.* | Commands for aliases.
| completion | <<command_alias_alias,/alias>> +
/set alias.completion.* | Completions for aliases.
|===
[[buflist_plugin]]
=== Buflist
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Buflist plugin displays a list of buffers in a bar item called "buflist"
(two other bar items "buflist2" and "buflist3" are available as well). +
A default bar "buflist" is created on startup with this item.
[[buflist_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=buflist_commands]
[[buflist_options]]
==== Opzioni
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _buflist.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| format | /set buflist.format.* | Formats used to display list of buffers.
| look | /set buflist.look.* | Look and feel.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=buflist_options]
[[charset_plugin]]
=== Charset
Il plugin Charset consente di decodificare o codificare dati utilizzando
i set caratteri.
Esiste un set caratteri predefinito per la codifica/decodifica, e set caratteri
specifici per i buffer (o gruppi di buffer).
Questo plugin è opzionale, ma raccomandato: se non caricato, WeeChat
può leggere/scrivere soltanto dati UTF-8.
Il plugin Charset dovrebbe essere caricato automaticamente da WeeChat.
Per essere sicuri che sia caricato, provare con:
----
/charset
----
Se non trovato, allora si deve caricare il plugin con il comando:
----
/plugin load charset
----
Se il plugin non viene trovato, allora è necessario ricompilare WeeChat
con il supporto ai plugin e a Charset.
Quando viene avviato il plugin Charset, mostra i set caratteri del
terminale e quello interno. Il set caratteri dipende dal proprio
locale, mentre quello interno è UTF-8.
Per esempio:
....
set caratteri: terminale: ISO-8859-15, interno: UTF-8
....
[[charset_set]]
==== Impostare il set caratteri
Per impostare il set caratteri globale per la codifica e la decodifica,
utilizzare il comando `/set`.
Per esempio:
----
/set charset.default.decode ISO-8859-15
/set charset.default.encode ISO-8859-15
----
Se il set caratteri globale per la decodifica non è impostato (ad
esempio durante il primo caricamento del plugin Charset), verrà
impostato automaticamente sul set caratteri del terminale (se
diverso da UTF-8), oppure su _ISO-8859-1_.
Il valore di codifica predefinito è vuoto, perciò il testo viene
inviato per default con il set caratteri interno (UTF-8).
Per impostare il set caratteri del server IRC, utilizzare il comando `charset`
sul buffer del server. Se viene immesso solo il set caratteri, allora i valori
di codifica e decodifica saranno gli stessi.
Ad esempio:
----
/charset ISO-8859-15
----
È l'equivalente di:
----
/charset decode ISO-8859-15
/charset encode ISO-8859-15
----
Per impostare il set caratteri per il canale IRC (o il privato), utilizzare gli
stessi comandi per il server, ma sul buffer del canale (o quello privato).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
To set charset for all channels/privates of an IRC server:
----
/set charset.encode.irc.libera ISO-8859-15
----
Per visualizzare tutti i set caratteri utilizzati, utilizzare il comando seguente:
----
/set charset.*
----
[[charset_troubleshooting]]
==== Risoluzione problemi
Per qualunque problema con i set caratteri, per favore consultare
le link:weechat_faq.it.html#charset[Domande Frequenti di WeeChat / Charset].
[[charset_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=charset_commands]
[[charset_options]]
==== Opzioni
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _charset.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| default | /set charset.default.* | Default decoding/encoding charset.
| decode | <<command_charset_charset,/charset decode>> +
/set charset.decode.* | Decoding charset by buffer (options can be added/removed in section).
| encode | <<command_charset_charset,/charset encode>> +
/set charset.encode.* | Encoding charset by buffer (options can be added/removed in section).
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=charset_options]
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[exec_plugin]]
=== Exec
The `/exec` command lets you execute external commands inside WeeChat and
display the output locally, or send it to a buffer.
[[exec_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=exec_commands]
[[exec_options]]
==== Opzioni
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _exec.conf_:
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| command | /set exec.command.* | Options for commands.
| color | /set exec.color.* | Colors.
|===
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=exec_options]
[[fifo_plugin]]
=== Fifo
È possibile controllare da remoto WeeChat, inviando comandi o del testo ad una
pipe FIFO (se l'opzione "fifo.file.enabled" è abilitata, e lo è per default).
// TRANSLATION MISSING
The FIFO pipe is located in WeeChat runtime directory and is called
_weechat_fifo_12345_ by default (where _12345_ is the WeeChat process id).
La sintassi per i comandi/testo della pipe FIFO è una delle seguenti:
....
plugin.buffer *testo o comando qui
*testo o comando qui
....
Alcuni esempi:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Change nick on IRC server libera to "newnick":
----
$ echo 'irc.server.libera */nick newnick' >/run/user/1000/weechat/weechat_fifo_12345
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Send a message on IRC #weechat channel:
----
$ echo 'irc.libera.#weechat *hello!' >/run/user/1000/weechat/weechat_fifo_12345
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
* Send a message on current buffer:
----
$ echo '*hello!' >/run/user/1000/weechat/weechat_fifo_12345
----
* Inviare due comandi per scaricare/caricare gli script Python (è necessario
separarli con "\n"):
----
$ printf '%b' '*/python unload\n*/python autoload\n' >/run/user/1000/weechat/weechat_fifo_12345
----
[[fifo_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=fifo_commands]
[[fifo_options]]
==== Opzioni
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _fifo.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| file | /set fifo.file.* | FIFO pipe control.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=fifo_options]
[[fset_plugin]]
=== Fset
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Fast Set plugin displays a list of options in a buffer, and helps to set WeeChat
and plugin options.
[[fset_commands]]
==== Comandi
include::includes/autogen_user_commands.it.adoc[tag=fset_commands]
[[fset_options]]
==== Opzioni
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Sections in file _fset.conf_:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[width="100%",cols="3m,6m,16",options="header"]
|===
| Section | Control command | Description
| color | /set fset.color.* | Colors.
| format | /set fset.format.* | Formats used to display list of options.
| look | /set fset.look.* | Look and feel.
|===
// TRANSLATION MISSING
Options:
include::includes/autogen_user_options.it.adoc[tag=fset_options]
[[irc_plugin]]
=== IRC
Il plugin IRC è realizzato per chattare tramite protocollo IRC con altre persone.
È multi-server, ed offre tutti i comandi IRC supportati inclusi la chat DCC ed il
trasferimento file (tramite plugin xfer, consultare <<xfer_plugin,plugin Xfer>>).
[[irc_command_line_options]]
==== Opzioni a riga di comando
È possibile fornire un URL per uno o più server IRC, come segue:
----
irc[6][s]://[nick[:password]@]irc.esempio.org[:porta][/#canale][,#canale[...]]
----
Esempio per entrare in _#weechat_ e _#weechat-fr_ sul server _irc.libera.chat_,
porta predefinita (6667), con il nick _alice_:
----
$ weechat irc://alice@irc.libera.chat/#weechat,#weechat-fr
----
// TRANSLATION MISSING
[[irc_servers]]
==== Servers
[[irc_servers_add]]
===== Add a server
By default no servers are defined. You can add as many servers as you want with
the <<command_irc_server,/server>> command.
For example to connect to https://libera.chat/[libera.chat] with SSL (encrypted trafic):
----
/server add libera irc.libera.chat/6697 -ssl
----
You can tell WeeChat to auto-connect to this server on startup:
----
/set irc.server.libera.autoconnect on
----
To authenticate, it is recommended to use SASL (if supported on the server),
with the password stored as secured data (see also chapter on
<<irc_sasl_authentication,SASL authentication>>):
----
/set irc.server.libera.sasl_username "alice"
/secure set libera_password xxxxxxx
/set irc.server.libera.sasl_password "${sec.data.libera_password}"
----
If SASL is not supported, you can use a command to send a message to nickserv:
----
/set irc.server.libera.command "/msg nickserv identify ${sec.data.libera_password}"
----
[NOTE]
By sending a message to nickserv, you may authenticate after joining channels
which could be a problem on some channels requiring you to be authenticated
to join. In this case, you can set a command delay:
`/set irc.server.libera.command_delay 5`.
[[irc_servers_options]]
===== Server options
Server options are named `irc.server.<server>.<option>` where `<server>` is the
internal name of the server and `<option>` the name of an option. +
The value of a server option is inherited from `irc.server_default.xxx`
if the server option has the special value `null`.
For example if you created the _libera_ server with the commands above, you'll
see this with the command `/fset libera`:
....
irc.server.libera.addresses string "irc.libera.chat/6697"
irc.server.libera.anti_flood_prio_high integer null -> 2
irc.server.libera.anti_flood_prio_low integer null -> 2
irc.server.libera.autoconnect boolean on
irc.server.libera.autojoin string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.autoreconnect boolean null -> on
irc.server.libera.autoreconnect_delay integer null -> 10
irc.server.libera.autorejoin boolean null -> off
irc.server.libera.autorejoin_delay integer null -> 30
irc.server.libera.away_check integer null -> 0
irc.server.libera.away_check_max_nicks integer null -> 25
irc.server.libera.capabilities string null -> "*"
irc.server.libera.charset_message integer null -> message
irc.server.libera.command string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.command_delay integer null -> 0
irc.server.libera.connection_timeout integer null -> 60
irc.server.libera.default_chantypes string null -> "#&"
irc.server.libera.ipv6 boolean null -> on
irc.server.libera.local_hostname string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.msg_kick string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.msg_part string null -> "WeeChat ${info:version}"
irc.server.libera.msg_quit string null -> "WeeChat ${info:version}"
irc.server.libera.nicks string null -> "alice,alice1,alice2,alice3,alice4"
irc.server.libera.nicks_alternate boolean null -> on
irc.server.libera.notify string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.password string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.proxy string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.realname string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.sasl_fail integer null -> reconnect
irc.server.libera.sasl_key string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.sasl_mechanism integer null -> plain
irc.server.libera.sasl_password string "${sec.data.libera_password}"
irc.server.libera.sasl_timeout integer null -> 15
irc.server.libera.sasl_username string "alice"
irc.server.libera.split_msg_max_length integer null -> 512
irc.server.libera.ssl boolean on
irc.server.libera.ssl_cert string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.ssl_dhkey_size integer null -> 2048
irc.server.libera.ssl_fingerprint string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.ssl_password string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.ssl_priorities string null -> "NORMAL:-VERS-SSL3.0"
irc.server.libera.ssl_verify boolean null -> on
irc.server.libera.usermode string null -> ""
irc.server.libera.username string null -> "alice"
....
For example if you want to automatically connect to all servers you define
without having to do it on each server, you can do:
----
/set irc.server_default.autoconnect on
----
And then you can reset the server option so that it uses the default inherited
value, which is now `on` instead of the default value `off`:
----
/unset irc.server.libera.autoconnect
----
[[irc_ssl_certificates]]
===== Certificati SSL
Al momento della connessione al server IRC con SSL, WeeChat verifica in
maniera predefinita che la connessione sia completamente fidata.
Esistono alcune opzioni per controllare la connessione SSL:
// TRANSLATION MISSING
weechat.network.gnutls_ca_system::
load system's default trusted certificate authorities on startup
// TRANSLATION MISSING
weechat.network.gnutls_ca_user::
extra file(s) with certificate authorities
irc.server.xxx.ssl_cert::
file del certificato SSL usato per identificare automaticamente il proprio
nick ad esempio CertFP su oftc (a seguire)
irc.server.xxx.ssl_dhkey_size::
dimensione della chiave usata durante lo Scambio Chiavi Diffie-Hellman
(predefinita; 2048)
irc.server.xxx.ssl_verify::